Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking by Diane F. Halpern

By Diane F. Halpern

This best-selling textbook, written by means of award-winning educator and prior president of the yankee mental organization, Diane F. Halpern, applies idea and study from the educational sciences to coach scholars the considering abilities they should achieve today's global. This new version keeps positive factors from past variants that experience helped its readers turn into larger thinkers. A rigorous educational grounding dependent in cognitive psychology is gifted in a transparent writing type with a funny tone and supported by way of a number of functional examples and anecdotes.

Thought and Knowledge, 5th variation has been revised to assist scholars meet the demanding situations of an international local and make significant conclusions from the overpowering volume of data now to be had on the click on of a mouse. the talents realized with this article is going to support scholars research extra successfully, examine extra productively, and current logical, knowledgeable arguments.

Thought and Knowledge, 5th version is suitable to be used as a textbook in serious pondering classes provided in departments of psychology, philosophy, English, humanities, or as a complement in any path the place serious pondering is emphasised.

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Extra resources for Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking (5th edition)

Example text

This intuition was the result of many years of practice with feedback (knowledge of results) regarding fires. It is not a magical gift that is possessed by a few lucky individuals. Years of practice can pay off with superior abilities to recognize situations, but only if the expert has received immediate feedback about earlier decisions and has been able to use that feedback in ways that make him a “true” expert in a field where there are regularities such as firefighting. By contrast, the intuitions of experts where the domain is highly irregular or they do not get immediate feedback for their decisions are not any better than those of a novice.

Gasoline gauge on empty, an algebra problem, a crying baby, a career decision) Interpret Situation Pattern Recognition Is Critical Thinking Needed? Dispositions/ Attitudes (motivation, persistence, concern for accuracy) No Stop Yes Survey Broad Categories of Available Critical Thinking Skills Verbal Reasoning Argument Analysis Hypothesis Testing Decision Making Problem Solving Likelihood & Uncertainty Select and apply skills Metacognitive Monitoring Are the skills that are being applied making a desirable outcome more probable?

It is the willingness and ability to keep at a task. It is key factor in successful problem solving. Closely related to persistence is the willingness to start or engage in a thoughtful task. Some people look at a seemingly difficult task and opt not to even begin the thinking process. They are defeated at the start. Good thinking is hard work that requires diligent persistence. It can make you as tired as any physical labor, but can be much more rewarding. In a comparison of students who were unsuccessful in mathematics with those who were successful, researchers found that much of the difference in success rates was directly attributable to differences in attitudes.

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