By Nathan J. Kelly
This publication revolves round one vital query: Do political dynamics have a scientific and predictable impression on distributional results within the usa? the answer's a powerful sure. using info from mass source of revenue surveys, elite surveys, and combination time sequence, in addition to theoretical insights from either American and comparative politics, Kelly indicates that source of revenue inequality is a basic a part of the U.S. macro political procedure. Shifts in public opinion, celebration keep an eye on of presidency, and the ideological path of coverage all have vital effects for distributional results. in particular, shifts to the left produce discount rates in inequality via mechanisms - specific redistribution and marketplace conditioning. while many earlier experiences concentration purely at the distributional impression of redistribution, this booklet exhibits that one of these slim approach is erroneous. in truth, industry mechanisms subject way over conventional redistribution in translating macro political shifts into distributional results.
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Additional info for The Politics of Income Inequality in the United States
I also discuss power resources theory in the context of the American case. I argue that convincing explanations of income inequality must account for politics in a systematic way. I then examine the effect of partisan control of the House, Senate, and presidency on redistribution and market income inequality from 1947 to 2000. I ﬁnd that Democratic control of government not only inﬂuences explicit redistribution, but also inﬂuences market inequality. The theme of assessing the connection between political dynamics and income inequality continues in Chapter 5, where I shift my focus from party dynamics to policy dynamics.
Programs that are targeted to the poor are means-tested. That is, receipt of the beneﬁt is only for those below a certain income level. The income data collected by the Census Bureau includes beneﬁts received in the following categories: Supplemental Security Income (SSI), public assistance, Medicaid, educational assistance, housing subsidies, and food stamps. The theme that ties all these programs together is that income below a certain threshold is a qualiﬁcation necessary to receive the 9 All children eating school-provided lunches beneﬁt directly from the school lunch pro- gram.
The top 10 percent of households garnered approximately 36 percent of preredistribution income in 2000, providing an average household income of over $200,000. The distribution of post-government income is quite different. 2 show that households at the bottom of the income distribution, while not getting rich by any means, are more likely able to subsist on government beneﬁts. The bottom decile (of primarily retired persons) garnered a 2 percent share of aggregate post-government income, with an average income of nearly $11,000.