The Lightning Discharge by Martin A. Uman

By Martin A. Uman

From the Preface: within the 18 years on the grounds that my technical monograph Lightning (McGraw-Hill, 1969; Dover, 1984) used to be first released, there were major advances in our knowing of lightning, yet, beforehand, there was no new monograph at the topic. a couple of edited collections of papers and convention court cases on the subject of lightning were released in this interval and are indexed in Appendix D in addition to being referenced, the place applicable, during the text... within the current e-book, the chapters are prepared basically through lightning approach. every one bankruptcy encompasses a reference checklist of primarily all literature at the topic mentioned in that bankruptcy, even though all of those references will not be pointed out within the textual content.

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The geometric mean interstroke interval in South Africa was 51 msec and in Florida was 69 msec. The arithmetic mean interstroke interval in South Africa was 63 msec and in Florida was 90 msec. A discussion of the log normal distribution, and of the geometric mean, which is also the median value for the case of a log normal distribution, is found in Appendix B. 20 1 Introduction the 200-300 kA range, are due to the return strokes of positive lightning. Positive flashes to ground are initiated by leaders that do not exhibit the distinct steps of their negative counterparts.

Hubert: Triggered Lightning Strokes Originating in Clear Air. J. Geophys. , 85:2861-2868 (1980). : Ein Photographischer Apparat zur Genaueren Analyse des Blitzes. Phys. , 3:168-172 (1902); Uber die Entstehungsweise des Blitzes. Ann. , 10:393-407 (1903); 36 1 Introduction Uber Doppelaufnahmen von Blitzen ... Jahrb. Hamb. Wiss. , 27 (Beiheft 5):81-118 (1910); Steroeskopische Blitzaufnahmen. Phys. , 13: 1082-1084 (1912); Uber die Ermittelung der Zeit lichen Aufeinanderfolge Zusarnmengehoriger Blitze Sowie uber ein Bemerkenswertes Beispiel Dieser Art von Entladungen.

An Unusual Observation of Lightning. Bull. Am. Meteorol. , 31:40 (1950). Franklin, Benjamin: "The Autobiography and Other Writings," p. 167. Signet Paperback, The New American Library, New York, 1961a. Franklin, Benjamin: "The Autobiography and Other Writings," pp. 234-235. Signet Paperback, The New American Library, New York, 1961b. " Dodsley, Johnson, Davenport, & Cadell, London, 1967. Franklin, Benjamin: In "Experiments and Observations on Electricity Made at Philadelphia" (E. ). London, 1774.

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