By Howard A. Bridgman, John E. Oliver
During the last two decades, advancements in climatology have supplied an awesome array of factors for the development of global climates. This textbook examines the earth's weather platforms in mild of this awesome development in info availability, info retrieval platforms, and satellite tv for pc and machine purposes. It considers nearby weather anomalies, advancements in teleconnections, strange sequences of modern weather swap, and human affects upon the weather process. The actual weather types the most a part of the booklet, however it additionally considers social and monetary facets of the worldwide weather procedure. This textbook has been derived from the authors' wide event of educating climatology and atmospheric technology. every one bankruptcy includes an essay through a consultant within the box to augment the certainty of chosen issues. an intensive bibliography is integrated and lists of websites for extra research. This textbook can be helpful to complex scholars of climatology and atmospheric technology.
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Extra info for The Global Climate System: Patterns, Processes, and Teleconnections
It includes extremes as well. There is a general view that Australia in the time of El Nin˜o is under severe drought conditions. The 1997–8 El Nin˜o was the most intense in the twentieth century. 7 shows the wide range of weather and climate conditions that can occur on the same continent, Australia, during an El Nin˜o year. This is shown to reinforce the view that while climatological averages are useful for some purposes, by no means do they tell the whole climate story for a given country. Climate can be defined either statistically or perceptually (Tribbia 2002).
5 The Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) The MJO is a low-latitude intraseasonal oscillation, meaning that it passes through an identified cycle in a period of 60 to 90 days, quite unlike the annual, biennial or decadal cycles of other oscillations. It is so named for Roland Madden and Paul Julian of NCAR who discovered the wave in the early 1970s. 1). The MJO is a feature of the tropical atmosphere–ocean system that plays a significant role in precipitation variability. It is characterized by anomalous rainfall conditions, that can be either enhanced or suppressed.
The best known treatment of this topic is to be found in Trewartha’s book The Earth’s Problem Climates (1966). This work explored anomalies across the globe but, obviously, lacked explanations based upon the information that is available today. Nonetheless, the very title begs the question of what is a problem climate? This is thoughtfully considered in the following essay by Michael Glantz. Given the growth of world population and the immense impact upon the ecological systems of the Earth, the study of some problem climates faces a challenge.