The Global Carbon Cycle: Integrating Humans, Climate, and by Christopher B. Field, Michael R. Raupach, Susan Hill

By Christopher B. Field, Michael R. Raupach, Susan Hill MacKenzie

This paintings is an evaluate of the kingdom of present wisdom of the carbon cycle by means of a gaggle of major specialists. It supplies an introductory review of the carbon cycle and covers either biophysical and human facets of the cycle.

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Extra info for The Global Carbon Cycle: Integrating Humans, Climate, and the Natural World (Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) Series)

Example text

1. 1 shows the breakdown of the net land-atmosphere flux through the 1990s into emissions from changes in land use and a residual terrestrial sink, based on the updated land use change emissions of Houghton (2003). 1, sections 4 and 5). These new estimates lie at the lower end of the range of estimates based on data reported by individual countries (Houghton 2003). If correct, they imply a residual terrestrial sink in the 1990s that is about 40 percent smaller than previous estimates. This budget, of course, does not attempt to represent the richness of the global carbon cycle.

Griggs, M. Noguer, P. J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, and C. A. Johnson, eds. 2001. Climate change 2001: The scientific basis (Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. , R. Francey, B. Pak, L. Steele, J. Lloyd, C. Trudinger, and C. Allison. 2002. Interannual growth rate variations of atmospheric CO2 and its δ13C, H2, CH4, and CO between 1992 and 1999 linked to biomass burning. Art.

J. Scholes, W. L. Steffen, and C. Wirth. 2001. Recent patterns and mechanisms of carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems. Nature 414:169–172. PA R T I Crosscutting Issues 2 Current Status and Past Trends of the Global Carbon Cycle Christopher L. Sabine, Martin Heimann, Paulo Artaxo, Dorothee C. E. Bakker, Chen-Tung Arthur Chen, Christopher B. Field, Nicolas Gruber, Corinne Le Quéré, Ronald G. Prinn, Jeffrey E. Richey, Patricia Romero Lankao, Jayant A. Sathaye, and Riccardo Valentini In a global, long-term perspective, the record of atmospheric CO2 content documents the magnitude and speed of climate-driven variations, such as the glacial-interglacial cycles (which drove CO2 variations of ~100 parts per million [ppm] over 420,000 years).

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