By Roy H. Behnke, Michael Mortimore
The query within the name of this booklet attracts cognizance to the shortcomings of an idea that has develop into a political instrument of world significance while the clinical foundation for its use grows weaker. the concept that of desertification, it may be argued, has ceased to be analytically helpful and distorts our knowing of social-environmental structures and their resiliency, quite in terrible international locations with variable rainfall and protracted poverty. For greater coverage and governance, we have to reassess the clinical justification for overseas makes an attempt to wrestle desertification.
Our exploration of those concerns starts within the Sahel of West Africa, the place a chain of critical droughts on the finish of the twentieth century ended in the worldwide institutionalization of the assumption of desertification. It now turns out incontrovertible that those droughts weren't triggered basically by way of neighborhood land use mismanagement, successfully terminating a long-standing coverage and medical debate. there's now a chance to regard this episode as an item lesson within the dating among technological know-how, the formation of public opinion and foreign policy-making.
Looking past the Sahel, the chapters during this publication offer case experiences from all over the world that research the use and relevance of the desertification notion. regardless of an more and more refined realizing of dryland environments and societies, the makes use of now being made up of the desertification suggestion in elements of Asia show some of the shortcomings of past paintings performed in Africa. It took scientists greater than 3 many years to remodel a perceived desertification challenge within the Sahel right into a non-event. This e-book is an attempt to seriously learn that have and speed up the educational procedure in different components of the world.
Read or Download The End of Desertification? : Disputing Environmental Change in the Drylands PDF
Best weather books
Bringing jointly some of the world's major specialists, this quantity is a finished, cutting-edge assessment of weather switch technology, affects, mitigation, model, and coverage. It offers an built-in review of analysis at the key issues that underlie present debatable coverage questions.
Enhancing the reliability of long-range forecasts of usual mess ups, corresponding to serious climate, droughts and floods, in North the United States, South the United States, Africa and the Asian/Australasian monsoon areas is of significant significance to the livelihood of thousands of people that are suffering from those occasions. in recent times the importance of significant non permanent climatic variability, and occasions comparable to the El Nino/Southern Oscillation within the Pacific, with its around the world impact on rainfall styles, has been all to obviously validated.
Within the first full-length examine in any sleek language devoted to the Meteorologica, Malcolm Wilson offers a groundbreaking interpretation of Aristotle's usual philosophy. Divided into components, the booklet first addresses normal philosophical and clinical matters via putting the treatise in a diachronic body comprising Aristotle's predecessors and in a synchronic body comprising his different actual works.
Weather has continuously had profound results upon human background, supporting either to construct and to spoil nice civilizations. before, we've not had the information to react intelligently to the indicators of moving weather. this present day, even supposing we stay basically powerless to impact weather purposefully, we're able to realize the indicators of swap and we're just a little higher capable of are expecting the results of these alterations.
- Urbanization and Sustainability: Linking Urban Ecology, Environmental Justice and Global Environmental Change (Human-Environment Interactions)
Additional info for The End of Desertification? : Disputing Environmental Change in the Drylands
The lie of the land: Challenging received wisdom on the African environment (pp. 73–90). Martlesham: James Currey Ltd. Taylor, C. , Lambin, E. , Harding, R. , & Essery, R. L. (2002). The influence of land use change on climate in the Sahel. Journal of Climate, 15(24), 3615–3629. Thomas, R. , Stringer, L. , Marques, M. , & Enne, G. (2012). Fertile ground? Options for a science–policy platform for land. Environmental Science & Policy, 16, 122–135. Thomas, D. , & Middleton, N. J. (1994). Desertiﬁcation: Exploding the myth.
Ambio, 1, 395–403. , & Ardö, J. (2005). A recent greening of the Sahel—Trends, patterns and potential causes. Journal of Arid Environments, 63(3), 556–566. O’Reagain, P. , & Turner, J. R. (1992). An evaluation of the empirical basis for grazing management recommendations for rangeland in southern Africa. Journal of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa, 9(1), 38–49. Otterman, J. (1974). Baring high-albedo soils by overgrazing: a hypothesized desertiﬁcation mechanism. Science, 186(4163), 531–533.
Animal migration: A synthesis. Oxford: Oxford University Press. , Hamilton, I. , & Kari, S. (2013). Open access, open systems: Pastoral management of common-pool resources in the Chad Basin. Human Ecology, 41(3), 351–365. Mortimore, M. (1989). Adapting to drought. Farmers, famines and desertiﬁcation in West Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mortimore, M. (2010). Adapting to drought in the Sahel: Lessons for climate change. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 1(1), 134–143.