The Early and Middle Pleistocene Archaeological Record of by Vangelis Tourloukis

By Vangelis Tourloukis

Using the archaeological checklist of the Greek reduce Palaeolithic interval as a case research, Vangelis Tourloukis elaborates on a hitherto missed topic in Eurasian Early-Middle Pleistocene archaeology: the function of geomorphic techniques in biasing archaeological distribution styles of early human presence. This research identifies the present prestige of the Greek list, explains this prestige from a geoarchaeological and geomorphological standpoint, and gives feedback for extra investigations within the box. The publication additionally provides a conceptual version which could help in analyzing and predicting early Palaeolithic website destinations in tectonically lively settings, akin to these of the Mediterranean Basin.

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Additional info for The Early and Middle Pleistocene Archaeological Record of Greece: Current Status and Future Prospects

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The raw materials are flint and limestone, whilst flaking patterns and typologies of artefacts from both sites are seen as resembling those from upper Bed I and lower Bed II of Olduvai; notably, Acheulean artefacts occur only in the uppermost part of the sequence and are considerably younger. The ‘Oldowan’ artefacts occur in deposits with a normal palaeomagnetic polarity and overlie reverse-polarized sediments. 78 Ma) on the basis of biostratigraphic indications deriving from the fauna that was found in Ain Hanech and Ain Boucherit Formations (Sahnouni et al.

2008). e. including radiometric assays) come from the Atlantic Moroccan sites. The latter suggest that the earliest human presence in North Africa did not occur before the late Early Pleistocene (Thomas Quarry I), whilst the most reliable dates would put this earliest presence well within the Middle Pleistocene (Grotte des Rhinocéros). Moreover, in contrast to the ‘Oldowan’ assemblages from the Algerian sites, the evidence from Morocco suggests that the initial occupation of North Africa is associated with human groups carrying an Acheulean toolkit.

The lithic assemblage attributed to the Lower Palaeolithic was unearthed from the deposits of the lower chamber, which was also rich in faunal remains. Retouched flake tools dominate the lithic industry, which includes also a small component of core-tools with little morphological standardization and many tested pebbles, whereas the most abundant formal cores are centripetally-worked or discoid specimens (Kuhn et al. 1996). The observed wide variety of blank production and core reduction is probably related to the properties and clast shape of the different raw materials that were in use: flint, quartz and quartzite occur in this order of abundance and are followed by jasper and unidentified metamorphic rocks (ibid).

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