Support: Materialize: Wall, Column, Slab, Roof (Scale) by Henning Baurmann, Jan Dilling, Claudia Euler, Julius

By Henning Baurmann, Jan Dilling, Claudia Euler, Julius Niederwöhrmeier, Alexander Reichel, Kerstin Schultz

Wall, help, ceiling, and roof make up the skeleton of approximately each development. This fourth quantity within the sequence SCALE, help | Materialize, takes an in-depth examine those load-bearing constructions, masking the advance and awareness of applicable buildings from concept and layout purpose all of the technique to constructional implementation. Following the normal development tools of big, cross-wall, and skeleton development, it issues the best way towards a material-ap-propriate constructional method of those defining structural components - wall, help, ceiling, and roof. targeted awareness is given to how constructional and technical concerns might be harmonized with spatial and formal commitments. The load-bearing components are geared up, defined, and explored intimately from a cloth in addition to a proper and constructional viewpoint. Their useful implementation is illustrated by means of a chain of overseas examples.

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Extra info for Support: Materialize: Wall, Column, Slab, Roof (Scale)

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Two-dimensionally functioning structural elements 1c are typically used in shell structures and may consist of plates (force within the plane of the element) or slabs (force perpendicular to the plane of the element). They are geometrically defined by their proportions: both their length and width are many times greater than their height, or, in more general terms, two dimensions are significantly larger than the third one. Plates and slabs can be installed as both vertical and ­horizontal structural elements.

In these systems, the forces are transferred into the foundations at certain points, rather than (as in wall construction) along a line. This means that the uprights are particularly important as vertical loadbearing members in a skeleton construction. e. the connection between beam and upright) is called the ‘node’. The node identifies the place at which the floor loads are transferred into the uprights, from where they are then vertically transferred to the foundations. The grid of uprights determines the layout of the skeleton building.

This means that the entire fit-out has to adjust to the shell construction with all its inadequacies and ­tolerances. If one wants to be free from the dimensional restrictions of the shell, the construction and fitting-out axes have to be offset. This method has become the preferred ­solution for the industrial prefabrication of facades and fitting-out elements. The introduction of a modular grid, which assigns a dedicated ‘strip’ to the uprights, can ­result in interior rooms of different widths.

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