State and Politics: Deleuze and Guattari on Marx by Guillaume Sibertin-Blanc, Ames Hodges

By Guillaume Sibertin-Blanc, Ames Hodges

Usually approached via their "micropolitics of desire," the joint works of Deleuze and Guattari are not often a part of the dialogue whilst classical and modern difficulties of political suggestion come below scrutiny. but if we stick with the trajectory from Anti-Oedipus (1972) to 1000 Plateaus (1980), it turns into transparent that those difficulties have been redeveloped in the course of a interval of historic transition marked via the tip of the wars of decolonization, the transformation of world capitalism, and via recombinations of the forces of collective resistance that have been as deep as they have been uncertain.

In nation and Politics, Guillaume Sibertin-Blanc measures how Deleuze and Guattari interact with the upheavals in their time by way of confronting their concept with its major interlocutor, Marxism, with its epistemological box (historical materialism), with its serious software (the critique of political economy), and with its political grammar (class struggle). 3 new hypotheses emerge from those encounters: the speculation of the Urstaat, embodying an far more than sovereign violence over the country equipment and over its political investments; the speculation of an influence of the "war laptop" that States can basically ever acceptable partly, and to which they are often subordinated; and the speculation of an way over "destructivism" in capitalist accumulation over its effective organization.

These 3 excesses betray the haunting presence of the interval among the wars within the political considered Deleuze and Guattari, yet in addition they permit Deleuze and Guattari's principles to speak with modern thinkers of the impolitical. The reader discovers not just a brand new political idea but in addition the plurality of how during which severe violence -- violence able to destroying politics itself -- can come up.

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Extra resources for State and Politics: Deleuze and Guattari on Marx

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Introduced succinctly by Marx and reworked by Engels in The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State, the AMP cate­ gory only gained renewed interest after the Stalinist period during which it was proscribed. ”15 Wasn’t the AMP a weak hypothesis that Marx finally abandoned after reading Morgan, as Plekhanov argued in Fundamental Problems of Marxism?. Or is it a mode of production in its own right? Or is it, according to the thesis issuing from the debates organized in 1931 in Leningrad, a “quasi-feudal” formation of transition between a primitive commu­ nist mode and the ancient mode of slavery?

27 However, the threshold does not only characterize part of the whole (the least fertile land); it is more the paradigmatic moment of homogenization of the whole of the new surface of inscription, by preliminary de-qualification of primitive territorialities that make its apprehension and global appropriation possible. 28 / 63 The same is true of activities. According to the Asian paradigm, the new threshold of the system is determined in State entrepre­ neurship: in the labor expended in monumental construction as socially non-consumable works.

B) In terms of the second excess indicated above—the excess of the State-form as to its own ideality or the self-movement of its con­ cept (its “form of inferiority”)—it leads us to confront the structure of self-supposition with the always overdetermined character of the State-form, which comes from being always caught up in relation­ ships of coexistence with other power formations that escape the challenge of its form of inferiority. 28 It is elaborated through an analysis of the theories of world-economy developed by Fernand Braudel and redeveloped in theories of dependency that draw attention to the relationships that State powers maintain with other heterogeneous power formations: ancient empires, the “multinational” empires of the modem age, lineal societies without a State, banking and commercial urban powers, but also (and making it a specific power formation is of course one of the major theoretical inventions of Deleuze and Guat­ tari) the powers known as the “war machine” of nomadic formations.

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