Social Issues in Computing by C. C. Gotlieb, A. Borodin and Werner Rheinboldt (Auth.)

By C. C. Gotlieb, A. Borodin and Werner Rheinboldt (Auth.)

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Submit yr word: First released January 1999
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More elaborate programs permitted the simulation of agent consoles. Then a package of current system records (the pilot system) was developed to simulate the data for more complete and efficient testing. Finally, one city at a time was converted from the manual to the automated system ( the first city was converted in April 1963, and all cities by December 1964). To automate the airline reservation systems it was necessary to apply techniques in communication engineering and electronic data processing to the reservation problem.

In the United States the social security system covers 193 million people. The basic earnings file is held on 1600 reels of magnetic tape and some 330 million transactions are entered each year. It is estimated that there are seven million people in the United States for whom the monthly social security payment is necessary to meet the immediate costs of food 9 and shelter, and for whom failure in delivery of a check would be tragic. In such cases, the accuracy and reliability of computers are paramount.

Thus far, computers have been able to provide information to management in a more complete manner, but the decision-making process itself has not been replaced or revolutionized. Management information systems are being adopted gradually and with warranted caution, but the potentialities of using computers for planning remain one of their greatest attractions. Scientific calculations continue to be one of the most successful areas of computer application. Here complex computations replace or shorten costly experiments in nuclear physics, meteorology, quantum chemistry, space exploration, and so on.

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