By You-Lin Xu, Jia He
A clever civil constitution integrates shrewdpermanent fabrics, sensors, actuators, sign processors, conversation networks, energy assets, diagonal thoughts, keep watch over techniques, fix suggestions, and life-cycle administration thoughts. it may functionality optimally and accurately in its atmosphere and keep structural integrity in the course of powerful winds, serious earthquakes, and different severe occasions.
This ebook extends from the basics to the cutting-edge. It covers the weather of clever civil constructions, their integration, and their features. the weather encompass clever fabrics, sensors, regulate units, sign processors, and verbal exchange networks. Integration refers to multi-scale modelling and version updating, multi-type sensor placement, regulate idea, and collective placement of keep an eye on units and sensors. And the services contain structural overall healthiness tracking, structural vibration keep an eye on, structural self-repairing, and structural power harvesting, with emphasis on their synthesis to shape really clever civil buildings. It matches civil engineering scholars, pros, and researchers with its mix of ideas and practice.
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Moreover, many literature reviews on damage identification can be found as well (Doebling et al. 1996; Wu et al. 2003; Brownjohn 2007; Farrar and Worden 2007; Ou and Li 2010; Fan and Qiao 2011). SVC systems offer an attractive means to protect civil structures against natural hazards. Passive control strategies, including base isolation systems, viscoelastic dampers, tuned mass dampers and fluid dampers are well understood and are widely accepted by the engineering community as a means for mitigating the effects of dynamic loading on structures (Housner et al.
2009). 1 Structural health monitoring technology SHM technology provides a better solution for the problems concerned (Glišić and Inaudi 2007; Ç atbaş et al. 2013; Ettouney and Alampalli 2012; Xu and Xia 2012; Farrar and Worden 2013). 12). The main objectives of SHM are to monitor the loading conditions of a structure, to assess its performance under various service loads, to verify or update the rules used in its design stage, to detect its damage or deterioration and to guide its inspection and maintenance (Aktan et al.
2004; Liang and Liao 2009; Shen et al. 2012; Zhu et al. 2012; Shen and Zhu 2015). An SSR system is usually incorporated with an SHM system, by which the SSR system can be activated when the predefined threshold of the ‘damage index’ is reached according to the information given by the SHM system (Coyle et al. 2004; Li et al. 2004; Mihashi et al. 2008; Kuang and Ou 2008; Kim et al. 2009; Faria et al. 2011).