Severe Space Weather Events--Understanding Societal and by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on the Societal and Economic Impacts of Severe Space Weather Events: A Workshop

The opposed results of utmost house climate on smooth technology--power grid outages, high-frequency verbal exchange blackouts, spacecraft anomalies--are popular and good documented, and the actual procedures underlying area climate also are more often than not good understood. much less good documented and understood, notwithstanding, are the capability financial and societal affects of the disruption of severe technological platforms by means of critical area climate. As a primary step towards opting for the socioeconomic affects of utmost house climate occasions and addressing the questions of area climate hazard evaluation and administration, a public workshop was once held in could 2008. The workshop introduced jointly representatives of undefined, the govt., and academia to think about either direct and collateral results of serious area climate occasions, the present kingdom of the distance climate providers infrastructure within the usa, the wishes of clients of house climate information and companies, and the ramifications of destiny technological advancements for modern society's vulnerability to house climate. The workshop concluded with a dialogue of un- or underexplored themes that will yield the best merits in house climate possibility administration.

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3. gov/emeu/international. 4. pdf. 5. This estimate is based on forecasted load and day-ahead reference prices. 6. T. L. McPherron, Semiannual variation of geomagnetic activity, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 92-108, 1973. 7. Office of Aviation Policy and Plans, FAA Long-Range Aerospace Forecasts: Fiscal Years 2020, 2025, and 2030, September 2007, p. 10. 8. The glide path of a descending airplane passes through a “decision height” at which the pilot must decide to abort or complete the landing. Category I precision conditions exist when the decision height is 200 feet or above and the runway visual range is 2400 feet or greater.

Other applications include the following: 11 • GPS receivers enable users to determine the time to within 100 billionths of a second, without the cost of owning and operating atomic clocks. This capability can be of enormous value to firms that need to synchronize their network computers or instruments. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 26 SEVERE SPACE WEATHER EVENTS—UNDERSTANDING SOCIETAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS • GPS technology is revolutionizing transport logistics by making it possible to track and forecast the movement of freight.

Caverly emphasized that meeting these challenges successfully will be greatly enhanced with continued effective partnerships between the infrastructure sectors and federal, state, tribal, and local governments, with international coordination. He concluded with the caution, “We are good at what we know; we are not good at what we don’t know. ” LOW-FREQUENCY/HIGH-CONSEQUENCE EVENTS La Porte addressed the issue of how well equipped society is to deal with the potential disruptions caused by space weather events and what the institutional implications of such impacts could be.

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