S. L. Rubinštejn and the Philosophical Foundations of Soviet by T.R.S.L. Payne

By T.R.S.L. Payne

This paintings is meant as an advent to the learn of Soviet psy­ chology. In it we've got attempted to offer the most strains of Soviet psycho­ logical idea, specifically, the philosophical ideas on which that idea is based. There are unusually few books in English on Soviet psychology, or, certainly, in any Western eu language. The works that exist often take the shape of symposia or are collections of articles translated from Soviet periodicals. crucial of those are Psychology within the Soviet Union (ed. via Brian Simon), contemporary Soviet Psychology (ed. via Neil O'Connor) and Soviet Psychology, A Symposium (ed. by way of Ralf Winn). Raymond Bauer has additionally edited an engaging symposium entitled a few perspectives on Soviet Psychology. in simple terms systematic stories of Soviet psychology were released up to now: Joseph Wortis' Soviet Psychiatry and Raymond Bauer's the hot guy in Soviet Psychology. either are important introductions to Soviet psychology; Bauer's publication, specifically, provides a very good account of the debates on mental thought within the Soviet Union within the nineteen­ twenties and -thirties. either, despite the fact that, are just a little outdated. There also are a couple of attention-grabbing articles written via Ivan D. London and Gregory Razran, which offer basic surveys of specific sessions or facets of Soviet psychology. those were indexed within the bibliography.

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I. M. Seeenov i materialistieeskaja psixologija [I. M. Seeenovand Materialist Psychology], M. 1957. 30 1. P. Pavlov, Polnoe sobranie soCinenie [Complete Collected Works], t. 6, M. 1951, p. 266. Quoted by X. Kostojanc, '1. Sechenov 1829-1905', in I. , undated, p. 21. 31 For biographical data on Bexterev see 'Bexterev, Vladimir Mixajlovie', BSE. t. 5, M. 1950, pp. 124--126; V. P. Osipov, Bexterev (1857-1927). Zizn' i dejatei'nost' [Life and Work], M. 1947. 32 Bexterev, ProvodjasCie puti spinonogo i golovl1ogo mozga (1893); Osnovy ueenija 0 funkcijax mozga (1903); Objektivnaja psixologija (1907); ObSeie osnovy refleksologii eeloveka (1917); Kollektivnaja refleksologija (1921); Mozg i ego dejatel'nost' (1928).

Pavlov-Gannt, Lectures, vol. 2, p. 11. 48 Pavlov, Socinennij, t. 3, kng. 1, p. 13 (Pavlov-Gannt, Lectures, vol. 1, p. 37). , kng. 1, p. 42 (vol. 1, p. 62). 50 In the preface to the first Russian edition Pavlov describes the early attempts of one of his chief collaborators, Dr. , kng. 1, p. 13 (vol. 1, p. 37). , kng. 1, p. 27 (vol. 1, p. 50). , kng. 1, p. 14 (vol. 1, p. 39). 53 Pavlov defines the reflex as "reakcija organizma na vnesnij mir, proisxodjascaja pri posredstve nervoi sistemy, pricem vnesnij agent, transformirujac' v nervnyj process, po dlinnoj doroge ...

The two aspects of the psychic - the ontological and epistemological are complementary. Hence Soviet psychologists continually insist that neither of these aspects can be studied in isolation. To attempt to do so is to run the risk of falling into crude materialism on the one hand, by reducing the psychic to the physiological, or into idealism, on the other, by making the psychic independent of matter. D. PAVLOVISM AND MARXIST-LENINIST PHILOSOPHY Official Soviet literature presents Pavlovian physiology and MarxistLeninist philosophy as two complementary systems.

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