Psychology: A Study of Mental Life by Robert Sessions Woodworth

By Robert Sessions Woodworth

A number of phrases to the reader are so as. within the first position, whatever like an apology is due for the unfastened approach inwhich the writer has drawn upon the unique paintings of many fellow-psychologists, with none point out oftheir names. this can be virtually unavoidable in a booklet meant for the newbie, however the reader could beinformed of the actual fact, and advised to not credits the content material of the publication to the author of it. The author's taskhas been that of choosing from the big mass of mental details now on hand, a lot of it new,whatever appeared best suited for introducing the topic to the reader. The booklet goals to symbolize thepresent nation of a really energetic science.Should the publication look unduly lengthy in prospect, the longest and so much specific bankruptcy, that on Sensation,might completely good be passed over, at the first interpreting, with out notably tense the continuity of the rest.On the opposite hand may still any reader wish to make this article the root of a extra huge process reading,the lists of references appended to the different chapters will end up of provider. The books and articles there citedwill be came upon attention-grabbing and never too technical in style.Much virtue will be derived from using the "Exercises". The textual content, on the most sensible, yet offers rawmaterial. each one student's complete product needs to be of his personal making. The workouts have the funds for chance for thestudent to paintings over the fabric and make it his own.A first or initial variation of this ebook, in mimeographed sheets, was once in use for 2 years in introductoryclasses carried out by way of the writer and his colleagues, and used to be subjected to awfully necessary feedback fromboth academics and scholars. The revision of that prior variation into the current shape has been greatly of a coöperative company, and such a lot of have coöperated that room may well scarcely be came upon for all their names.Professor A. T. Poffenberger, Dr. Clara F. Chassell, Dr. Georgina I. Gates, Mr. Gardner Murphy, Mr. HaroldE. Jones and Mr. Paul S. Achilles have given me the good thing about their class-room adventure with themimeographed ebook. Dr. Christine Ladd-Franklin has very conscientiously long gone over with me the passages dealingwith colour imaginative and prescient and with reasoning. leave out Elizabeth T. Sullivan, omit Anna B. Copeland, omit Helen Harperand Dr. A. H. Martin were of significant tips within the ultimate phases of the paintings. vital feedback havecome additionally from numerous different universities, the place the mimeographed publication was once inspected. [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]

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42} EXERCISES 1. Outline of the chapter, being at the same time a "completion test". Complete the following outline by filling in the blank spaces (usually a single word will fill the blank, but sometimes two words will be better): A. Definition: A reaction is a response to a _________. The stimulus energy stored in the organism, and the ________ has a definite form determined by the organism's own machinery of ______ and ____. B. Among very prompt reactions are the reflex and the "simple reaction".

Also, the process of mental growth is an important matter to study on its own account. The pathological method is akin to the genetic, but traces the decay or demoralization of mental life instead of its growth. It traces the gradual decline of mental power with advancing age, the losses due to brain disease, and the maladaptations that appear in insanity and other disturbances. , and which in fact has contributed most of the psychological information derived from the pathological method. The object of the pathological method is, on the one side, to understand abnormal forms of mental life, with the practical object of preventing or curing them, and on the other side, to understand normal mental life the better.

In a long train of thought, where A reminds you of B and B of C and C of D, each of these items is, first, a response to the preceding, and, second, a stimulus to the one following. There is no special difficulty with the notion of "central stimuli" from the physiological side. We have simply to think of one nerve center arousing another by means of the tract of axons connecting the two. Say the auditory center is aroused by hearing some one mention your friend's name, {49} and this promptly calls up a mental picture of your friend; here the auditory center has aroused the visual.

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