By Professor Gian Luigi Chierici (auth.)
Six years in the past, on the finish of my expert occupation within the oil undefined, I left my administration place inside Agip S.p.A., a tremendous multinational oil corporation whose headquarters are in Italy, to absorb the chair in reservoir engineering on the collage of Bologna, Italy. There, i made a decision to organize what used to be firstly meant to be a suite of lecture notes for the scholars attending the path. even though, whereas getting ready those notes, I grew to become so absorbed within the subject material that I quickly discovered myself making a tremendous quantity of textual content which may not just function a school path fabric, but in addition as a reference for wider expert functions. because of the curiosity proven through the then president of Agip, Ing. Giuseppe Muscarella, this did certainly culminate within the e-book of the 1st Italian variation of this publication in 1989. the interpretation into English and book of those volumes owes a lot to the encouragement of the present president of Agip, Ing. Guglielmo Moscato. My thankful thank you are as a result of either gents. And now - the English model, translated from the second one Italian version, and containing a few revisions and masses extra fabric. in addition to supplying an outstanding theoretical foundation for a number of the subject matters, this paintings attracts broadly on my 36 years of globally adventure within the improvement and exploitation of oil and fuel fields.
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Additional info for Principles of Petroleum Reservoir Engineering: Volume 1
08 psi/ft) . Hydrocarbon Reservoirs 12 Fig. 9. Variation of pressure with depth in the hydrocarbon and water phases, showing the significance of capillary pressure PRESSURE, P p ' I I I Pw I Q I :i 1- II. \ I I w Q a Cl I woe References 1. Dickey PA (1981) Petroleum development geology, 2nd edn. Pennwell, Tulsa 2. Magara K (1978) Compaction and fluid migration - practical petroleum geology. Elsevier, Amsterdam 3. Ricci-Lucchi F (1978) Sedimentologia- Parte II- Ambienti sedimentari e facies. CLUEB, Bologna 4.
1B. The preferred equation used in reservoir engineering is the empirical relationship: pV= znRT. 7) Here, z is the compressibility or deviation factor, a dimensionless number which depends on the gas composition, pressure and temperature. 0 for an ideal gas. T is the absolute temperature in K. The general behaviour of z at different temperatures (T1 < T 2 < T3 ) is shown in Fig. 3. Note that at any T < T3 , the curve z(p) decreases from an initial value of 1 with a negative slope (oz/op < 0), passes through a minimum and then increases (oz/op > 0).
It is essential during the drilling phase to use a sufficiently heavy mud to establish a wellbore pressure greater than pore pressure, so as to avoid "kicks" and a possible "blow-out". This is particularly important when drilling severely overpressured rock. In hydrocarbon-bearing strata, the pressure gradients in the oil and gas phases are determined by the in-situ specific gravity (Po and pg) of each fluid. Temperature and Pressure in the Reservoir 11 BOTTOM LAYER. IMPERMEABLE AQUIFER woe Fig.