By Brian E. Hemphill, Clark Spencer Larsen
Edited by way of Brian E. Hemphill and Clark Spencer Larsen Anthropology and Archaeology Prehistoric Lifeways of the good Basin Wetlands examines how the earliest population of the nice basin in Nevada, Utah, and Oregon made use of old marshes and lakes. while the nice Salt Lake receded within the Eighties from its optimum traditionally recorded degrees, it uncovered a huge variety of archaeological and burial websites. different wetland components within the quarter skilled related flooding and placement publicity. The ensuing archaeological bonanza resolved long-standing controversy over the position of wetlands in prehistoric nice Basin human subsistence. formerly, archaeologists argued disparate perspectives: both wetlands provided a wealth of assets and served as a magnet for human profession and really sedentary existence, or wetlands supplied purely meager fare that used to be inadequate to advertise elevated sedentism. The publicity of human is still coincided with more suitable analytic innovations, permitting new conclusions approximately vitamin, habit, and genetic association. This quantity offers findings from 3 nice Basin wetland parts: nice Salt Lake, Stillwater Marsh (Nevada) and Malheur Lake (Oregon). The facts awarded the following doesn't point out the prevalence of 1 interpretation over one other yet deals a extra complicated photo of variable edition, excessive mobility, and customarily strong overall healthiness between peoples dwelling in a harsh environment with heavy actual calls for. it's the first quantity to attract jointly new methods to the research of prior human societies, together with research of mtDNA for inhabitants reconstruction and cross-sectional geometric overview of lengthy bones for habit interpretation.
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Extra resources for Prehistoric lifeways in the Great Basin wetlands: bioarchaeological reconstruction and interpretation
Isotope studies depend heavily upon modern control samples. Margaret J. Schoeninger, for instance, has analyzed the isotopic composition for several Great Basin plant foods, including piñon pine; this botanical baseline enables her to explore its importance in ancient diets. Although stable carbon isotope analysis is just emerging from its developmental stage, it has already revolutionized the way in which archaeologists reconstruct prehistoric diets. Another way to explore human diets is through the documentation of generalized stress responses in human hard tissue.
He takes special note of the general trends and specific variability in diet, population history, and activity patterns of the precontact inhabitants of the three Great Basin wetlands, underscoring the fact that our understanding of lifeways and adaptation is advanced by this new and rich bioarchaeological data set. Conclusion We regard this book as a beginning point for the broader consideration of human biology in reaching an understanding of prehistoric foraging adaptations and population history in the Great Basin.
This broad-scale analysis reveals a commonality in activity and behavior across the three settings of the Great Basin, yet with some important differences. Lastly, Bettinger presents a synthetic overview of Great Basin wetlands bioarchaeology, assessing the role of the study of human remains in the archaeology of this pivotal region of the American West. He takes special note of the general trends and specific variability in diet, population history, and activity patterns of the precontact inhabitants of the three Great Basin wetlands, underscoring the fact that our understanding of lifeways and adaptation is advanced by this new and rich bioarchaeological data set.