By Bernd Lottermoser
This thorough, up to date evaluate of wastes amassing at mine websites bargains comprehensively with sulfidic mine wastes, mine water, tailings, cyanidation wastes of gold-silver ores, radioactive wastes of uranium ores, and wastes of phosphate and potash ores.
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Extra resources for Mine Wastes: Characterization, Treatment and Environmental Impacts
Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton Younger PL, Banwart SA, Hedin RS (2002) Mine water: Hydrology, pollution, remediation. 8 . 4. Continued Journals Applied Geochemistry Ecological Engineering Engineering and Environmental Geoscience Environmental Geochemistry and Health Environmental Geology Environmental Science and Technology Geochemistry: Exploration. Environment, Analysis International Journal of Surface Mining. Reclamation and Environment Journal of Contaminant Hydrology Journal of Environmental Quality Journal of Geochemical Exploration Mine Water and the Environment Mining Environmental Management The Science of the Total Environment Waste Management ment has been recognized for more than 2000 years, well before 20th century organizations took on the issue.
Water and sediment contamination and pollution are similarly not a by-product of industrialization. For example, soil erosion began with clearing of land and primitive agricultural practices S 000 years ago (Lottermoser et al. 1997a), and metal mining in the northern Harz province of Germany resulted in metal pollution of regional stream sediments as far back as 3 soo years ago (Monna et al. 2000). Similarly, exploitation of the Rio Tinto ores in Spain has caused massive metal contamination of stream and estuary sediments since the Copper Age 5 000 years ago (Leblanc et al.
Such framboidal pyrite is more reactive than other pyrite morphologies - cubic pyrite crystals or coarse pyrite nodules - because of the greater surface area and porosity per volume of framboidal pyrite. Thus, pyrite oxidation is a surface controlled reaction (Evangelou 1995; Rose and Cravotta 1999). Mining, crushing and milling of pyrite-bearing rock to fine particle sizes, for the purpose of metal extraction, vastly increase the pyrite surface area and potentially expose more pyrite to oxidation and weathering.