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Additional info for Microprobe techniques in the earth sciences
A subsequent version (EMMA3) formed the basis of the first commercial design by AEI Scientific Apparatus Ltd of Manchester, which appeared in 1969. Today, facilities for analysis of sub-micrometer areas are a standard option on most TEMs and the technique is reviewed in detail in Chapter 3. 5 and 10 g of material. Characteristic X-ray spectra, essentially identical with those generated by electron bombardment, are excited by illuminating the specimen with X-rays whose photon energy is higher than the binding energy of the K (or L) electrons in the elements to be determined in the sample.
Drummond. W. (1968) An investigation into the design of an ion-probe analyser. PhD Dissertation, University of Cambridge. Duncumb. P. (1959) The X-ray scanning microanalyser. Brit. I. Appl. , 10, 420-7. Duncumb. P. H. Pattee. E. Cosslett and A. Engstrom), Academic Press. NY, pp. 431-9. Duncumb. P. and Cosslett. E. (1957) A scanning microscope for X-ray emission pictures. E. Cosslett. A. H. Pattee), Academic Press, NY, pp. 374-80. Duncumb. P. A. (1960) Design considerations of an X-ray scanning microanalyser used mainly for metallurgical applications, in X-ray Microscopy and Microanalysis (eds A.
46 REFERENCES Gray. L. (1974) A plasma source for mass analysis. Proc. Soc. Anal. • 11, lR2-3. Hinton. W. P. (1979) High-resolution ion-microprobe measurement of lead isotopes: variations within single zircons from Lac-SeuL northwestern Ontario. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett .. 45. 309-25. Hooper, K. (1960) Microradiography in quantitative micropaleontology: techniques. in X-ray Microscopy and Microanalysis (eds A. E. H. Pattee), Elsevier. Amsterdam, pp. 216-23. , Akselsson, R. E. (1970) Elemental trace analysis at the 10- [2 g.