By V. I. Lenin
Lenin and Trotsky had visible the Russian revolution basically because the prologue to the foreign revolution. In isolation, backward Russia was once no longer prepared for socialism. the start of socialism intended a better point of efficient forces than even the main constructed capitalist financial system. This used to be purely attainable on an international scale. within the word of Lenin, capitalism had damaged at its weakest hyperlink. however the Russian revolution used to be envisaged because the starting of a sequence of revolutions in Europe and on a global scale that might bring in a global socialist federation.
Lenin's self belief within the probability of worldwide revolution used to be justified through the convulsive occasions of 1918 and especially 1919, while the ruling type itself believed that it used to be approximately to be overthrown. the one factor that stored them have been the leaders of the Social Democratic Parties.
The isolation of the revolution in flip allowed the expansion of a privileged bureaucratic caste in Russia itself. steadily energy used to be taken from the soviets and targeted within the arms of thousands of officers within the kingdom computer, the get together and the military. The mass of the operating type have been elbowed apart and the unique democratic and internationalist aspirations of the Russian revolution have been suppressed.
The Gorbachev regime this present day, regardless of its contemporary declarations on 'democracy', is one million miles faraway from the Russian revolution within the heroic interval of Lenin and Trotsky. there has been extra democracy within the vulnerable Russian staff country of October 1917, beset through civil warfare and the 21 armies of imperialism, than in Russia this day.
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Extra resources for Materialism and Empirio-Criticism
This theory of Berkeley's, which threw Fraser into raptures, is set forth by the Bishop as follows: "The connexion of ideas [do not forget that for Berkeley ideas and things are identical] does not imply the relation of cause and effect, but only of a mark or sign with the thing signified" (§ 65). "Hence, it is evident that those things, which under the notion of a cause co-operating or concurring to the production of effects, are altogether inexplicable, and run us into great absurdities, may be very naturally explained...
To conclude our description of the fundamental idealist premises of empirio-criticism, we shall briefly refer to the English and French representatives of this philosophical trend. Mach explicitly says of Karl Pearson, the Englishman, that he (Mach) is "in agreement with his epistemological (erkenntniskritischen) views on all essential points" (Mechanik, ed. previously cited, p. ix). " He declares the recognition of things outside the boundaries of senseimpressions to be metaphysics. Pearson fights materialism with great determination (although he does not know Feuerbach, or Marx and Engels); his arguments do not differ from * Karl p.
The principles are not the starting point of the investigation [as Dühring who would be a materialist, but cannot consistently adhere to materialism, holds], but its final result; they are not applied to nature and human history, but abstracted from them; it is not nature and the realm of humanity which conform to these principles, but the principles are only valid in so far as they are in conformity with nature and history. , p. 21). Engels, we repeat, applies this "only materialistic conception" everywhere and without exception, relentlessly attacking Dühring for the least deviation from materialism to idealism.