By Patrick J. Michaels, Paul C. Knappenberger
In past due November international leaders will assemble in Paris on the United countries weather switch convention for what's considered because the final nice probability for a sweeping overseas contract to restrict carbon dioxide emissions. the implications of this collecting will be huge, immense. during this new book, specialists Patrick J. Michaels and Paul C. Knappenberger check the problems bound to force the talk ahead of, in the course of, and after the Paris assembly.
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Extra resources for Lukewarming: The New Climate Science that Changes Everything
We have models, compendia, and an availability cascade—so we must be right. 2 We show how the incentive structure in modern science was established soon after World War II and led to the federal takeover of much of science (and all of climate science) and how that can create a systematic distortion in the direction of alarmism. 3 Even in a culture of alarmism, science still is sufficiently individualistic. Some researchers, often not beholden to a federal master, have hacked away at the overly hot models.
As a consequence, there are dozens of different climate models and each can be run in different ways. 2 There’s also a human element. Suppose—thanks to public concern about dread global warming—Congress were to appropriate a fair amount of money for you to run your 100-year model. As anyone who has worked with these models knows, they incorporate “knobs” that can be adjusted to dramatically affect their predictions. If you set your model to predict not much warming, the issue goes away. Because there’s an inherent interest in the workings of climate, your model will continue to be funded as a research tool.
In succeeding years, although Spencer and Christy’s record continued to show no warming, Frank Wentz of Remote Sensing Systems (RSS)—a Santa Rosa, California, consultancy—demonstrated that the temperature-sensing satellites were experiencing a slight orbital decay that affected the data and effectively induced a slight cooling. When Wentz adjusted for this, the satellite data acquired a warming trend after all. Wentz, Spencer, and Christy traveled around the country in an endless round of panel discussions debating the validity of each other’s approach.