By R. Lüst (auth.), J. Ortner, H. Maseland (eds.)
TO sun TERRESTRIAL kinfolk complaints OF THE summer time institution IN house PHYSICS HELD IN ALPBACH, AUSTRIA, JULY 1S-AUGUST 10,1963 and arranged by way of the eu PREPARATORY fee FOR area study (COPERS) Edited by way of J. ORTNER eu house study organization. Paris and H. MAS ELAND Sterrewacht ' Sonnenborgh' • Utrecht D. REIDEL PUBLISHING corporation DORDRECHT-HOLLAND e-ISBN-13:978-94-010-3590-3 IS8N-13:978-94-0 10-3592-7 00110. 1007/978-94-010-3590-3 '96' Softoover reprint of the hardcover 1st version 1965 All rights reserved No a part of this booklet will be reproduced in any fonn. by way of print, photoprint, microfilm, or the other skill with no permission from the writer FOREWORD The textbook provided within the following consists of the lawsuits of the summer season college in house Physics held throughout the summer season months of 1963. This summer time college used to be geared up by means of the Preparatory fee (COPERS) of the ecu house examine company (ESRO). It was once the 1st time that the sort of summer season path used to be held in Europe on a topic of area physics. due to a call for participation from the Austrian govt those lectures got within the collage condominium of Alpbach, Tyrol. 8 impressive ecu scientists each one provided 5 two-hour lectures on themes overlaying the quarter among the sunlight and the Earth. The classes contained the physics of the solar, the Interplanetary Medium and Trapped Radiation, the Ionosphere and excessive range Phenomena. in addition, a path on house instrumentation was once given. Sixty scholars have been chosen to wait the courses.
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Additional resources for Introduction to Solar Terrestrial Relations: Proceedings of the Summer School in Space Physics Held in Alpbach, Austria, July 15–August 10, 1963 and Organized by the European Preparatory Commission for Space Research (COPERS)
A. Pounds, Leicester. corona, and only in the high parts there will be equality between the kinetic and ionization temperatures (Figure 25). This hypothesis, due to Neupert, has not yet been confirmed by the observations. However, in view of the recent results on the ionization cross sections it now seems natural to assume that the quiet corona has a temperature of about 1500000 OK. The lower temperature found from the meter-wave radio-radiation of the quiet corona may be a consequence of the fact that the corona at meterwaves is a "grey" body: due to the curvature of the ray-paths the optical thickness of the corona does not exceed unity for meter waves.
I I I , I + , : \ Fig. 15. Graphs of transmission plotted against wavelength for three layers. movement of the photographic plate, a monochromatic solar image is obtained. The disadvantage of this system is the slow scanning rate which runs into minutes. (b) Lyot Filter. Monochromatic pictures of the sun have been obtained with telescopes fitted with monochromatic polarizing or birefringent (Lyot) filters. The Lyot filter (Figure 14) consists of a series of parallel polaroid plates; between each there is a block of quartz.
_,.... --... l _,--......... . '. Ic: ... ,.... ~ 1l.... ·. O~"'T . , I"U'T '~IIISTrrtolT1: II:"" Fig. 21b. , with the Fraunhofer Institute optical map of the sun, for May 25-26, 1960. 47 TIlE QUIET CHROMOSPHERE AND CORONA The K- and F-corona form the white corona. Their light is nearly the same colour as that of the sun. 2. ,- T· 7}1Q'·~ I O-;\H • F. s r. C X - ~Sitt ·N - 1+:9S f10 lOGO fIX) II T'6-/O"K T' IO"K N · F. ~ 1-- 0 xF. ll lt S- fSl Hg c -Nt -F. , f-! o lie Hg r. 5 • F. s, 1 -0" f.