Introduction to Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry. Towards by R.P. Rastogi (Auth.)

By R.P. Rastogi (Auth.)

Content material:
Preface

, Pages xiii-xiv
Acknowledgments

, Page xv
Chapter 1 - Introduction

, Pages 1-7
Chapter 2 - easy ideas of non-equilibrium thermodynamics

, Pages 11-25
Chapter three - functions to common steady-states phenomena

, Pages 27-57
Chapter four - Electro-osmotic phenomena

, Pages 59-79
Chapter five - Non-equilibrium phenomena in non-stop systems

, Pages 81-92
Chapter 6 - Electrophoresis and sedimentation potential

, Pages 93-98
Chapter 7 - Non-linear regular states

, Pages 101-117
Chapter eight - Bifurcation phenomenon and multi-stability

, Pages 119-138
Chapter nine - Time order - chemical oscillations

, Pages 139-164
Chapter 10 - Chemical waves and desk bound patterns

, Pages 165-186,I
Chapter eleven - Dynamic instability at interfaces

, Pages 189-216
Chapter 12 - advanced oscillations and chaos

, Pages 217-234,II-III
Chapter thirteen - complicated development formation

, Pages 235-269,IV-V
Chapter 14 - Social dynamics, economics and finance

, Pages 273-295
Chapter 15 - residing Systems

, Pages 297-314
Epilogue

, Pages 315-319
Appendix I - area of validity of Gibbs equation

, Pages 321-323
Appendix II - prolonged irreversible thermodynamics

, Pages 325-327
Appendix III - Non-equilibrium molecular dynamics

, Pages 329-332
Index

, Pages 333-335

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Additional resources for Introduction to Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry. Towards Complexity and Non-linear Science

Example text

In the former, mobile charges come from the diffuse double layer at the solid–liquid interface, while in the latter, counter-ions are the mobile species. For example, in zeolites or cation-exchange resins, the cations are mobile, whereas the anionic body is not. Such membranes in contact with electrolytic solutions are preferentially permeable to cations. The ion-exchange membranes may be either homogeneous or heterogeneous. The former are coherent ion-exchanger gels, while the latter consist of colloidal ion-exchanger particles embedded in a binder, such as polystyrene or polyethylene.

Mazur, Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics, North Holland Publishing Co, Amsterdam, 1962. 7. D. Fitts, Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics, McGraw Hill Book Co, New York, 1962. 8. R. Hasse, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes, Addison-Wesley, Massachusetts, 1968. 9. N. P. S. , 20 (1954) 639. 10. P. C. Srivastava, Proc. Phys. , 67A (1954) 639. 11. P. C. Srivastava, Trans. , 51 (1955) 343. 12. P. P. Rai, J. Phys. , 70 (1974) 2693. 13. P. P. Rai, J. Membr. , 7 (1980) 39. 14. A. B. M. Walson, J. Phys. , 35 (1960) 6.

For the sake of simplicity, we assume that the sub-systems have equal masses M I = M II . Further, we denote Lcc = M I Lc , Lcc = M II Lc . 41) Chapter 3. 42) + Lcc A1 /T 1 + Lcc AII /T II Stationary state—Let us consider the stationary state of the first order when T is kept constant. 43) I I corresponding to the remaining three forces, 1 /T , 2 /T and A /T . 44) we can write Eq. 48) TP where hk and vk are the partial specific enthalpy and partial specific volume, respectively of the component k and c1 , the concentration of species 1.

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