Introduction of Biotechnology in India’s Agriculture: by Vasant P. Gandhi, Dinesh Jain

By Vasant P. Gandhi, Dinesh Jain

Biotechnology can carry significant breakthroughs in agriculture. The e-book examines the event of advent of biotechnology in Indian agriculture, particularly, studying the functionality of Bt cotton as opposed to non-Bt cotton throughout India’s significant cotton states, specifically Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, which jointly account for almost 70 percentage of the country’s cotton creation. significant advances in biotechnology have made it attainable to at once determine genes, make certain their services, and move them from one organism to a different. The advances have spawned many applied sciences and Bt cotton is one very important consequence. Bt cotton has develop into some of the most commonly cultivated transgenic plants and is at present grown in 21 nations - eleven constructing and 10 industrialized nations. the govt. of India used to be particularly overdue in allowing biotechnology, merely approving the cultivation of 3 transgenic Bt cotton hybrids from April 2002. Many issues have been raised approximately their functionality there has been robust competition from a few quarters. In India, Gujarat and Maharastra have been the 1st states to undertake them, through Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. in keeping with a pattern of 694 farming families, the e-book examines and analyzes the functionality at the yields, pesticide bills, seed expenses, total construction expenditures and gains. It additionally studies at the environmental affects, pride with the expertise and methods of enhancing its performance.

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G. Shiva and Jafri 2003). Even though the performance of Bt cotton has been projected to be satisfactory in government circles, there is great discontent in different quarters with Bt cotton. Strong views both for and against Bt technology has surfaced. The major advantages claimed for Bt Cotton include reduction in the use of pesticides by almost 50 %, reduction in the harmful effect of pesticides on the environment, good quality of cotton fiber at par with that of non-Bt cotton, better yield per unit of input use, and lesser residue of pesticides in the fiber resulting in reduced harmful effects such as allergic reactions.

2002). Five years of Bt cotton in China – The benefits continue. The Plant Journal, 31, 423–430. RFSTE. (2002). Failure of Bt cotton in India. Research foundation for science, technology and ecology. , & Rahman, S. (2003). Performance of Bt cotton: Data from first commercial crop. Economic and Political Weekly, 38(30), 3139–3141. Sharma, H. , Crouch, J. , Sharma, K. , & Hash, C. T. (2002). Applications of biotechnology for crop improvement: Prospects and constraints. Plant Science, 163(2002), 381–395.

5 and Figs. 5). 6 and Figs. 5). 62) in yield during 1990–1991 to 2001–2002. 14 % comparing 1990–1991 to 2001–2002 and 2002–2003 to 2010–2011. This shows a huge impact of Bt cotton technology introduction. Maharashtra accounts for the largest share of area under cotton in the country but with lowest levels of cotton yield in the country. Despite low levels of yield the area, under cotton in the state has been the largest over the years. 5 Recent Performance of Cotton Cultivation in the Selected States 13 Production in lakh bales 120 100 80 60 40 20 19 90 19 -91 91 19 -92 92 19 -93 93 19 -94 94 19 -95 95 19 -96 95 19 -97 97 19 -98 98 19 -99 99 20 -00 00 20 -01 01 20 -02 02 20 -03 03 20 -04 04 20 -05 05 20 -06 06 20 -07 07 20 -08 08 20 -09 09 20 -10 10 -1 1 0 Production-Andhra Pradesh Production-Maharashtra Production-Gujarat Production - Tamil Nadu Fig.

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