By William K.-M. Lau
Enhancing the reliability of long-range forecasts of average failures, similar to serious climate, droughts and floods, in North the US, South the US, Africa and the Asian/Australasian monsoon areas is of significant value to the livelihood of thousands of people that are plagued by those occasions. lately the importance of significant non permanent climatic variability, and occasions corresponding to the El Nino/Southern Oscillation within the Pacific, with its around the globe impression on rainfall styles, has been all to obviously tested. figuring out and predicting the intra-seasonal variability (ISV) of the sea and surroundings is essential to enhancing lengthy diversity environmental forecasts and the reliability of weather swap initiatives via weather types. within the moment version of this vintage e-book at the topic, the authors have up-to-date the unique chapters, the place applicable, and extra a brand new bankruptcy that comes with brief matters representing enormous new improvement in ISV study because the e-book of the 1st variation.
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Extra info for Intraseasonal Variability in the Atmosphere-Ocean Climate System (Springer Praxis Books Environmental Sciences)
2 South Asian monsoon B. N. 1(b, e) (Ramage, 1971; Rao, 1976)). 1(e) (Rao, 1976)). 1(f )) centered around 5 N and the Tibetan anticyclone centered around 30 N are important features of upper level winds over the monsoon region during northern summer. Millions of inhabitants of the region, however, attach much greater importance to the associated seasonal changes of rainfall. 1(a, d)) associated with the seasonal changes of low-level winds are crucial for agricultural production and the economy of the region.
Another striking example of a zonally averaged component in the oscillation is in the relative atmospheric angular momentum (RAAM). The RAAM is a mass weighted integration of the u-winds over the entire globe. 5 shows the RAAM during MONEX. There are two marked relative maxima about 45 days apart: one at the end of June and a second in mid-August. Because the angular momentum of the atmosphere±ocean±Earth system remains nearly constant, a change in RAAM can be re¯ected in changes in the momentum of the ocean or solid Earth.
B(291), 271±273. , T. N. Palmer, F. Molteni, and E. Klinker (1990) Tropical±extratropical interaction associated with the 30±60 day oscillation and its impact on medium and extended range prediction. J. Atmos. , 47, 2177±2199. Gill, A. E. (1980) Some simple solutions for heat-induced tropical circulation. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. , 106, 447±463. Graystone, P. (1959) Meteorological Oce discussion ± Tropical meteorology. Met. , 88, 113±119. Gruber, A. (1974) Wavenumber±frequency spectra of satellite measured brightness in tropics.