By Jack Fishman
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Additional info for Global Alert: The Ozone Pollution Crisis
Using the Paris studies as a base, scientists feel it is safe to say that background levels of ozone in the Northern Hemisphere today are 100 to 200 percent higher than they were 100 years ago. Most of the increase has occurred since World War II, when industrialization spread and the number of automobiles worldwide increased. Since 1970, background ozone levels have been rising 1 to 2 percent per year, and the trend continues. Ozone pollution is no longer a threat only to large urban areas. As those studies of summer campers in New Jersey and Pennsylvania show, bad air is affecting us all, whether we live in the city or the country.
The increase of carbon dioxide concentration since the 18th century. The triangles and squares have been obtained from bubbles trapped in ice core samples from two independent studies using ice cores from Antarctica; the crosses are from the atmospheric measurements at Mauna Loa (Figure 1). These measurements show that the preindustrial concentration, before 1800, was about 280 ppm. (Figure from H. Oeschger and U. " in The Changing Atmosphere, F. S. Rowland and I. S. A. Isaksen, eds. Chichester, England: Wiley, 1988, pp.
Canada's population has doubled in the past 50 years as more and more Americans have settled in the northern reaches of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, where warmer temperatures and more rain have allowed previously empty land to be placed under cultivation. Many of the residents are farmers escaping the heat and aridity of the United States' own Midwest. Sam is lucky. The northern tier of states, where he has lived, has undergone mostly positive changes from the vast global climatic upheaval. Longer growing seasons and warmer temperatures have made Maine more self-sufficient in its food supply.