Fundamentals of Atmospheric Modeling by Professor Mark Z. Jacobson

By Professor Mark Z. Jacobson

A revised variation of a winning and entire textbook for college students of pollution and meteorology.

Show description

Read Online or Download Fundamentals of Atmospheric Modeling PDF

Similar weather books

Human-Induced Climate Change: An Interdisciplinary Assessment

Bringing jointly a few of the world's top specialists, this quantity is a finished, state of the art evaluate of weather switch technology, affects, mitigation, variation, and coverage. It presents an built-in review of study at the key subject matters that underlie present arguable coverage questions.

Intraseasonal Variability in the Atmosphere-Ocean Climate System (Springer Praxis Books Environmental Sciences)

Enhancing the reliability of long-range forecasts of ordinary mess ups, akin to serious climate, droughts and floods, in North the United States, South the US, Africa and the Asian/Australasian monsoon areas is of important significance to the livelihood of hundreds of thousands of people that are stricken by those occasions. lately the importance of significant non permanent climatic variability, and occasions corresponding to the El Nino/Southern Oscillation within the Pacific, with its world wide impact on rainfall styles, has been all to obviously proven.

Structure and Method in Aristotle's Meteorologica: A More Disorderly Nature

Within the first full-length examine in any glossy language devoted to the Meteorologica, Malcolm Wilson provides a groundbreaking interpretation of Aristotle's average philosophy. Divided into components, the ebook first addresses basic philosophical and medical matters through putting the treatise in a diachronic body comprising Aristotle's predecessors and in a synchronic body comprising his different actual works.

Climates of hunger : mankind and the world's changing weather

Weather has regularly had profound results upon human background, supporting either to construct and to break nice civilizations. previously, we've not had the data to react intelligently to the symptoms of moving weather. at the present time, even supposing we stay primarily powerless to impact weather purposefully, we're able to realize the indicators of swap and we're a little greater capable of expect the consequences of these alterations.

Extra resources for Fundamentals of Atmospheric Modeling

Sample text

5 WATER IN THE ATMOSPHERE Water appears in three states – gas, liquid, and solid. 1. Sources of liquid water include sea spray emission, volcanos, combustion, condensation of water vapor, and melting of ice crystals. Sinks of liquid water include evaporation, freezing, and sedimentation to the surface of aerosol particles, fog drops, drizzle, and raindrops. Ice in the atmosphere forms from freezing of liquid water and solid deposition of water vapor. Losses of ice occur by sublimation to the gas phase, melting to the liquid phase, and sedimentation to the surface.

Water vapor is not only a greenhouse gas (a gas that readily absorbs thermal-infrared radiation), but also a chemical reactant and carrier of latent heat. 2 Carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide gas is produced by cellular respiration in plants and trees, biological decomposition of dead organic matter, evaporation from the oceans, volcanic outgassing, and fossil-fuel combustion. Cellular respiration occurs when oxygen reacts with carbohydrates in the presence of enzymes in living cells to produce CO2 , H2 O, and energy.

The higher its emissivity, the faster a surface, such as soil, cools at night. Albedo (or reflectivity) is the ratio of reflected radiation to incident radiation. For dry sand, the albedo varies from 20 to 40 percent. For clay, it varies from 5 to 20 percent. Thus, sand reflects more solar radiation during the day and emits less infrared radiation at night than does clay, counteracting some of the effects of the low specific heat and thermal conductivity of sand. Large-scale pressure systems also affect temperatures in the boundary layer.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.02 of 5 – based on 32 votes