By Claudio Ronco, Carlo Crepaldi, Dinna N. Cruz
Fluid overload is frequently saw in sufferers with middle failure and secondary oliguric states. a radical evaluation of the fluid prestige of the sufferer may also help consultant the treatment and forestall problems prompted by way of beside the point healing ideas. the current booklet is split into 4 components: Definition and class, Pathophysiology, prognosis and treatment. within the first part, the authors current new definitions for center failure, acute kidney damage and cardiorenal syndromes to facilitate the method of knowing the advanced hyperlink among the guts and the kidney. hence, diverse stipulations resulting in fluid overload are defined, through an account of rising diagnostic instruments, cures and applied sciences dedicated to the remedy of sufferers with critical fluid-related issues. basically established and written, the current e-book is a realistic instrument for physicians and execs keen on the administration and care of sufferers with mixed center and kidney issues. furthermore, it additionally serves as a reference textbook for clinical scholars, citizens and fellows dealing in daily perform with fluid overloaded and oliguric sufferers.
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Additional resources for Fluid Overload: Diagnosis and Management (Contributions to Nephrology, Vol. 164)
13 Heywood JT, Fonarow GC, Costanzo MR, et al: High prevalence of renal dysfunction and its impact on outcome in 118,465 patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure: a report from the ADHERE database. J Card Fail 2007;13:422–430. 14 Kellum JA, Levin N, Bouman C, Lameire N: Developing a consensus classification system for acute renal failure. Curr Opin Crit Care 2002;8:509–514. 15 Tonelli M, Wiebe N, Culleton B, et al: Chronic kidney disease and mortality risk: a systematic review.
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AKI: Classification and Staging 9 Bellomo R, Ronco C, Kellum JA, Mehta RL, Palevsky P: Acute renal failure – definition, outcome measures, animal models, fluid therapy and information technology needs: the Second International Consensus Conference of the Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative (ADQI) Group. Crit Care 2004;8:R204–R212. 10 Mehta RL, Kellum JA, Shah SV, Molitoris BA, Ronco C, Warnock DG, Levin A: Acute Kidney Injury Network: report of an initiative to improve outcomes in acute kidney injury.