Floods (Facts on File Dangerous Weather Series) by Michael Allaby

By Michael Allaby

July 2002, floods in jap and principal Texas have been so serious that many counties have been declared catastrophe parts and 8 humans misplaced their lives. In August 2002, in crucial and japanese Europe, dozens of deaths and untold irreplaceable cultural and historical websites have been destroyed through flooding. In Asia, throughout the summer season of 2002, no less than 1,800 humans died. even though usually tragic, there are floods through the international each year, lots of them devastating and lethal. In Floods, Revised variation, writer Michael Allaby has considerably altered, elevated, and in a few locations rewritten the unique textual content to mirror contemporary findings and new info in this kind of serious climate. 3 new chapters clarify storms and cloudbursts, thunder and lightning, and the monsoons in better element. Many new and revised sidebars show causes or fascinating items of data approximately floods and flooding, with out interrupting the most movement of the textual content. those clarify ideas from atmospheric technological know-how, similar to partial strain and vapor strain; cost separation in typhoon clouds; and glacioisostasy, in addition to explaining why it rains extra on mountainsides than it does within the valleys. New extra analyzing lists on the finish of every part and on the end of the booklet stimulate additional examine. scholars will locate this publication complete and valuable because it explains the phenomenon in transparent and available language.

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In this area, the South Koreans had built military barracks into the steep hillsides. A mudslide caused by the rain buried more than 20 soldiers in one of these barracks, and landslides and mudslides engulfed three other units, one an air force base, as well as several guard posts. In North Korea, the floods destroyed much of the rice crop. A week later at Biescas on the Spanish side of the Pyrenees, the mountain range between France and Spain, more than 70 vacationers died in a flash flood at a crowded campsite and trailer park.

In August 1955, Putnam, Connecticut, suffered a similar disaster. A manufacturing town, with a population then of upward of 8,000, Putnam lies on the Quinebaug River, which divides the town into two parts connected by three bridges. Rainstorms delivered 4 inches (102 mm) of rain, and a week later the dying remains of a hurricane added a further 8 inches (203 mm) in 24 hours. Upstream of Putnam there was a series of old dams. The increased water flow built up behind the first, broke through it, and carried debris from it to the second.

You may start at the top, with just enough push to set you rolling, but by the time you reach the bottom, your speed depends on how long and steep the hill is. In the same way, if you want to know how fast a river will flow, you need one more item of information in addition to the mass of the water. You need to know how far the water travels horizontally while it descends vertically. In fact, you need to know the gradient of the riverbed. River gradients High in the mountains, where most rivers begin, gradients are usually steep, because near the summit the mountainsides are steep.

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