Fassaden: Prinzipien der Konstruktion (German Edition) by Ulrich Knaack

By Ulrich Knaack

Fassaden bestimmen die Erscheinung eines Gebäudes, sie verkörpern es gleichsam. Somit kommt ihnen in der Architektur große Bedeutung zu. Gleichzeitig nimmt die Gebäudehülle zentrale Aufgaben wahr – Transparenz und Belichtung, Wetterdichtigkeit, thermische Isolation, Lastenabtragung, Schallschutz., um nur die wichtigsten Funktionen zu nennen. Über die letzten 15 Jahre sind Fassaden erheblich komplexer geworden: "intelligente", klima-aktive Fassaden beispielsweise passen sich durch selbstregelnde Systeme den verschiedenen Licht- und Klimaverhältnissen an.
Dieses Buch will die Prinzipien des Fassadenaufbaus aufzeigen. Zunächst werden die wichtigsten Typen wie Pfosten-Riegel-Fassade, Vorhangfassade, Elementfassade, Doppel- und Komponentenfassade vorgestellt, dann werden ihre Anforderungen an Entwurf und Konstruktion verdeutlicht. Richtlinien für eine sinnvolle Detaillierung werden vorgestellt.
Die Montagearten werden differenziert für die gängigsten Materialien – Holz, Glas, Stahl, Beton und Aluminium – dargestellt. Zahlreiche, eigens für dieses Buch entstandene Zeichnungen erklären die Prinzipien der einzelnen Fassadentypen und verdeutlichen diese dann sämtlich am gebauten Beispiel.Dr. Ulrich Knaack warfare Architekt in Düsseldorf und ist heute Professor für Konstruktion und Entwurf an der TU Delft sowie der Fachhochschule Detmold. Autor des bekannten Fachbuchs "Konstruktiver Glasbau".
Folgende Titel in Vorbereitung:
Komponenten und Verbindungen in der Architektur – Prinzipien der Konstruktion
Bautypen in der Architektur – Prinzipien der Konstruktion
Materialien der Architektur – Prinzipien der Konstruktion

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This means that the allow- ers. Specialised façade planners are consulted for this process. able degree of transparency is lower than with a post-and-beam Modification of a system by the architect can only be realised if façade. The goal is to produce elements as large as possible. the manufacturer can anticipate an increase in product market Their size mainly depends on the transportation options. Typical value that ensures a return on the investment. 70 m (47-106 in) more often than not existing system solutions are used that ap- wide.

And if the façade is part of the loadbearing structure of the building, individual façade components cannot be easily exchanged. PR I nCI PLE S OF COn STR UCTIOn 37 Façade bearing structures and load transfer The actual space enclosure is created by the infill elements (3). We can differentiate between different types of loads affecting These can comprise glass panes for lighting and view, panels for the façade structure: heat insulation and opening flaps for ventilation. The elements • Self-weight of the façade components can also be layered.

This may be illustrated with reference to the protection of wear and tear in the long run if detailing is neglected. traditional timber buildings. Projecting eaves play a key role in Apart from aesthetic design requirements, the detailing of protecting timber structures in the façade from the elements, modern buildings is made more difficult by the increasing com- but also help to determine the character of these buildings (1). plexity of the construction. For example, if details on the façade If they are omitted with the aim of achieving a clean modern pro- were used traditionally to keep rain out and to keep heat in (2, 4, file, other effective means of protecting the timber elements of 6), the same details nowadays are responsible for the functions the building must be found.

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