By Steve Dorling
Frightened in regards to the warmth wave-could or not it's the results of worldwide warming? some of the most topical problems with our time is the topic of the most recent Eyewitness better half: Weather. All you want to find out about cloud styles, violent storms, their factors and repercussions are available during this one entire yet moveable quantity. This ebook will clarify the genuine technology at the back of the elements, from the way it works to how it’s altering.
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Additional resources for Eyewitness Companions: Weather
In the same year, The Times newspaper began to print a daily weather forecast, and by 1875 the Meteorological Ofﬁce had issued the world’s ﬁrst weather chart for the UK in the same newspaper. Military leaders around the world began to recognize the value of weather maps in tracking storms and planning operations. France began a daily weather service in 1863 and the US followed suit in 1871. THE VIEW FROM SPACE The next big advance in data gathering came nearly 100 years later in April 1960, when the US launched the ﬁrst weather satellite, TIROS I, which orbited the Earth once a day.
About 3 billion years ago, cyanobacteria—primitive, single-celled organisms—began ﬂourishing in the THE WEATHER LAYER When viewed from the stratosphere, the troposphere can be clearly seen as the upper limit of cloud cover. All weather activity takes place in the troposphere. EARLIEST LIFE FORMS Primitive cyanobacteria colonies produced oxygen and calcium carbonate as waste products of photosynthesis. The calcium carbonate built up solid mats called stromatolites, which are still found in saltwater lakes and lagoons.
Warm ocean eddies have been identiﬁed using satellite images of the North Atlantic Drift. Eddies pump heat and water vapor into the atmosphere over an area of a few hundred miles. WINDY WINTER THE GULF STREAM Warm water (in orange and yellow) ﬂows from the Gulf of Mexico along the coast of the US before crossing the Atlantic toward Northern Europe. The difference in temperature between the tropics and polar regions is roughly double in winter what it is in summer, largely because of the contrast in temperature between polar day and polar night.