Engineering Aspects of Self-Organizing Materials by Rudy J. Koopmans (Eds.)

By Rudy J. Koopmans (Eds.)

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And Boden, N. ‘‘pH as a trigger of peptide beta-sheet self-assembly and reversible switching between nematic and isotropic phases’’. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(32), 9619–9628 (2003b). , ‘‘Self-Assembling Peptide Systems in Biology, Medicine and Engineering’’. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands (2001a). , and Boden, N. ‘‘Hierarchical self-assembly of chiral rod-like molecules as a model for peptide beta-sheet tapes, ribbons, fibrils, and fibers’’. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. A. 98(21), 11857–11862 (2001b).

Polyelectrolyte b-sheet complexes (PECs) were shown to form on mixing aqueous solutions of such cationic and anionic peptides (Figure 15a and b). This results in the spontaneous self-assembly of fibrillar networks (Figure 15d) and the production of nematic hydrogels (Figure 15c). These complexes have a 1:1 molar stoichiometry, and their networks are robust to variations in pH or peptide concentration. They may be likened to the PECs formed on mixing oppositely charged polymeric polyelectrolytes except that their supramolecular structures are quite different.

Soc. 127(48), 17025–17029 (2005). , and Shirai, H. ‘‘Prominent gelation and chiral aggregation of alkylamides derived from trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane’’. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 35(17), 1949–1951 (1996). , and Chen, P. ‘‘Effect of amino acid sequence and pH on nanofiber formation of self-assembling peptides EAK16-II and EAK16-IV’’. Biomacromolecules 4(5), 1433–1442 (2003). , and Aggeli, A. ‘‘Self-assembling peptide scaffolds promote enamel remineralization’’. J. Dental Res. 86(5), 426–430 (2007).

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