By DRMashhour a Ghoneim
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Extra resources for Design of reinforced Concrete Structure Volume 1
Toward rational design of concrete structures—integration of structural design 27 2. 3. 4. 5. ACI 357R-84 (1984), Guide for the Design and Construction of Fixed Offshore Concrete Structures, Part 4, ACI Manual of Concrete Practice, 1994, American Concrete Institute, Detroit, Michigan. ACI 302. 1R-89 (1994), Guide for Concrete Floor and Slab Construction, Part 2, ACI Manual of Concrete Practice, 1994, American Concrete Institute, Detroit, Michigan. Malhotra), Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 1994, pp 1–17.
As for examination of each limit state, five safety factors are introduced, such as a material factor, a member factor, a load factor, an analysis factor and an important factor. Any safety factor, however, does not count in deterioration. The code describes that a designer, first of all, should specify the service life of structure. But it says nothing on how to assure the life span. The fatigue limit state may correspond directly to the service life only when repeated loadings are influential on structures.
The arrangement of aggregate particles (connectedness and clustering) should affect chloride permeability. Since chloride ions are believed to flow most readily through the interfacial zone between the aggregate particles and cement paste, it may be possible to characterize this path of preferential flow. 2 Probabilistic research One of the major problem associated with the durability of concrete is the development of proper test methods. Most of the tests performed in the laboratory are accelerated tests, since it is difficult to conduct tests over an extended period of time.