Creating Outdoor Classrooms: Schoolyard Habitats and Gardens by Lauri Macmillan Johnson

By Lauri Macmillan Johnson

Schoolyards have come a ways from the barren playgrounds that many folks keep in mind. modern-day tuition campuses usually function gardens during which scholars can know about local crops and natural world, develop vegatables and fruits, discover cultural traditions, perform examining and math talents, and use their imaginations to create enjoyable play areas. And for progressively more city scholars, those schoolyard gardens provide the simplest, if no longer the single, chance to event the wildlife firsthand and revel in its many advantages. This e-book is a realistic, hands-on consultant for making a number of studying environments within the arid Southwest. full of transparent, easy-to-use info and illustrated with photos, drawings, and plans, the e-book covers every thing essential to create schoolyard gardens: • An advent to schoolyards as outside school rooms and a number of other kinds of habitats, together with artwork gardens, cultural background gardens, ecological gardens, literacy gardens, and vegetable gardens • layout idea, together with a background of backyard types, and layout ideas and layout parts • starting the layout procedure, together with deciding upon members and writing a layout application that units out targets and requisites • engaging in web site examine and synthesizing layout components to reach at a last layout • layout necessities, together with undertaking investment and layout positive aspects, upkeep, accessibility, protection, and undertaking assessment and revision • flora and fauna ecology, together with parts wanted for survival reminiscent of meals and safeguard • growing gardens for pollinators and different natural world, together with hummingbirds, butterflies, bees, moths, bats, and flies, in addition to pest keep an eye on • Lists of local crops for varied different types of habitats and nurseries that promote local crops, in addition to books, websites, and different assets for studying extra approximately local vegetation and natural world This consultant may be crucial for panorama architects, tuition group of workers, mom and dad, and scholars. certainly, its rules can be utilized in designing schoolyard habitats around the nation, whereas its info on gardening with local crops and flora and fauna can be valuable to owners around the Southwest.

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Today, the inclusion of natural areas within school campuses has become an increasingly popular concept, and a variety of these natural classrooms have emerged throughout the country. Recently, with an increase in childhood obesity, these natural areas are being explored for potential health benefits. It is expected that with the addition of natural outdoor classrooms and play areas, including trails and other circulation systems, children’s physical activity will increase as they play outside more often.

18 creating outdoor classrooms Schoolyards These are depictions of Andy Goldsworthy’s natural art. Children are inspired by his work with natural materials and enjoy imitating his creations. erosion of fertile soil, and suburban sprawl. Principles from landscape ecology as presented by Dramstad, Olson, and Forman (1996) include four categories of conditions—patches, edges/boundaries, corridors/connectivity, and mosaics— that could provide helpful ideas for application in the ecological garden. Ecological gardens often are demonstration gardens of local plant communities or life-zone simulations.

Early Egyptian gardens also included tree-lined allées, or wide boulevards; vine-covered trellises and arbors; pergolas (covered walkways); garden pavilions; exotic birds and habitats; a variety of plants; and decorative art. Some of the plants used included: Chamaerops humilis, palmetto; Cyperus papyrus, papyrus; Ficus sycamorus, sycamore fig; Nymphaea caerulea, lotus; Phoenix dactylifera, date palm; and Punica granatum, pomegranate. Ancient Mesopotamian (3500–538 BC), Sumerian (3500–900 BC), Assyrian (900–625 BC), and Neo-Babylonian (611–538 BC) Gardens This time and these locations are characterized by a temperate climate and the broad floodplain known as the Fertile Crescent, which lies between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.

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