Constructing an avant-garde : art in Brazil, 1949-1979 by Sérgio B. Martins

By Sérgio B. Martins

Brazilian avant-garde artists of the postwar period labored from a primary yet efficient out-of-jointness. They have been modernist yet far-off from modernism. Europeans and North americans could believe the same displacement whilst viewing Brazilian avant-garde paintings; the unforeseen familiarity of the works serves to lead them to unusual. In Constructing an Avant-Garde, Sérgio Martins seizes in this uncanny obliqueness and makes use of it because the foundation for a reconfigured account of the background of Brazil's avant-garde. His dialogue covers not just generally popular artists and teams -- together with Hélio Oiticica, Lygia Clark, Cildo Meireles, and neoconcretism -- but additionally vital artists and critics who're much less popular outdoors Brazil, together with Mário Pedrosa, Ferreira Gullar, Amílcar de Castro, Luís Sacilotto, Antonio Dias, and Rubens Gerchman.

Martins argues that artists of Brazil's postwar avant-garde up-to-date modernism in a fashion that used to be considerably at odds with ecu and North American paintings historic narratives. He describes defining episodes in Brazil's postwar avant-garde, discussing the most important serious texts, together with Gullar's "Theory of the Non-Object," a phenomenological account of neoconcrete works of art; Oiticica, constructivity, and Mondrian; portraiture, self-portraiture, and identification; the nonvisual flip and neglected encounters with conceptualism; and monochrome, manifestos, and engagement.

The Brazilian avant-garde's hijacking of modernism, Martins indicates, received additional complexity as artists started to face their overseas minimalist and conceptualist contemporaries within the Nineteen Sixties and Nineteen Seventies. Reconfiguring not just paintings background yet their personal historical past, Brazilian avant-gardists have been capable of face modern demanding situations from a special -- and indirect -- standpoint.

Show description

Read or Download Constructing an avant-garde : art in Brazil, 1949-1979 PDF

Best criticism books

Designing the Seaside: Architecture, Society and Nature

In Alfred Hitchcock’s To seize a Thief , a beach inn used to be the surroundings for thievery and intrigue. Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers tap-danced their strategy to status at a Brighton hotel in The homosexual Divorcee . The beach hotel has continually held a unique fascination, a spot of containment and rest that has a special shape within the actual panorama: towering inns, shop-lined boardwalks, and sprawling shorelines.

Architecture of France

Overlaying all areas of France, from Avignons Palace of the Popes to Versailles Petit Trianon, and all classes of French structure, from the Roman theater at Orange to the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, this quantity examines greater than 60 of Frances most vital architectural landmarks. Writing in a transparent and fascinating sort, David Hanser, professor of structure at Oklahoma kingdom collage, describes the positive aspects, features, and historic significance of every constitution.

Earth Moves: The Furnishing of Territories (Writing Architecture)

Earth strikes, Bernard Cache's first significant paintings, conceptualizes a sequence of architectural photos as autos for 2 vital advancements. First, he deals a new realizing of the architectural picture itself. Following Gilles Deleuze and Henri Bergson, he develops an account of the picture that's nonrepresentational and constructive--images as components of a major, snapshot international, of which subjectivity itself is a distinct type of picture.

Contemporary Asian Art and Exhibitions: Connectivities and World-making

This quantity attracts jointly essays by means of top artwork specialists gazing the dramatic advancements in Asian paintings and exhibitions within the final twenty years. The authors discover new local and worldwide connections and new methods of figuring out modern Asian artwork within the twenty-first century. The essays coalesce round 4 key subject matters: world-making; intra-Asian local connections; art’s affective ability in cross-cultural engagement; and Australia’s cultural connections with Asia.

Additional resources for Constructing an avant-garde : art in Brazil, 1949-1979

Sample text

2 cm. Private Collection. com. Photo: Daniel Coury. , the redemptive perspective of subject-object relation it offered, consonant with its utopian cultural context) was thus, in this precise sense, a constructive requirement that depended, as such, on its unequivocal articulation via constructive forms. 86 The case of Amilcar de Castro is exemplary here, as the misleading simplicity of his sculptures makes them privileged screens for interpretive projections. What may have been initially a critical description of his work became, over the years, a hackneyed formula, an obstacle to further critical reflection.

I take the cue here from Gullar himself: after three or four brief opening sentences, mostly dedicated to saying what the non-object is not, the “Theory of the Non-object”—the now famous essay he wrote in 1959—suddenly turns to a reappraisal of modern art through the lens of the newfound concept (and under the subtitle “Death of Painting”). ”1 It did, and still does—in more than one sense, perhaps. First, it does require that we review the kind of retrospection Gullar had in mind. ” 2 What is crucial about this insight is the historical consciousness it ascribes to the avant-garde.

But it is worth noting the problem of restricting Gestalt theory in Brazil solely to the role of an overdetermining theoretical dogma that was “imported” alongside other international concretist tenets; for this is to ignore the key role Gestalt played as a theoretical intervention in the hands of Pedrosa, its earlier local advocate. 15 And there is no question about the nature of those positions in 1949. 16 In this context, Pedrosa’s engagement with Gestalt theory must be seen as strategic rather than dogmatic (which partly explains his faded interest in it in the 1970s).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.27 of 5 – based on 5 votes