By F G Dimes MSc BSc FGS, J. Ashurst DArch FSA(Scot)
One of many difficulties which beset the sensible conservation of stone constructions is the fragmentation of the disciplines concerned. This booklet, with either volumes now to be had as one priceless paperback, brings those disciplines jointly via the involvement of individuals with diversified reviews and ways to an analogous fabric. half one is an creation to the complexities and heritage heritage of stone conservation via the main entire description but produced of the development and ornamental stones utilized in the British Isles. partly , practitioners curious about stone conservation describe ways that significant structural masonry difficulties, secondary development difficulties and various stone floor stipulations can be handled. various development kinds and environments has been used to make sure that the huge scope of universal difficulties is roofed. This moment a part of the booklet could be of sensible price to paintings historians, archaeologists, architects, surveyors and engineers, masonry contractors and sculpture conservators in fixing difficulties and in studying to take advantage of every one other's talents and adventure. hugely illustrated informative volumes introduced jointly in a brand new paperback variation first-class authorial blend
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Extra info for Conservation of Building and Decorative Stone
It has slaty cleavage along which the rock may be easily split. 7). 7 The parallel arrangement of sheet-shaped minerals enable the rock to he split easily along the direction of slaty cleavage. Penrhyn Quarry, Caernarvonshire. H. Boyle) derived. Any pre-existing rock may be metamorphosed. Characteristically all metamorphic rocks have a foliated structure. This may not always be observed on a macroscopic scale, but may possibly be seen on a microscopic scale. 8) is one example. 8 A coarse foliation in marble seen in a roadside section on Mount Jagro, Carrara, Italy, is picked out and emphasized by vegetation Discussion on joints in igneous rocks may conveniently be divided into those found in volcanic rocks and those found in plutonic rocks.
Similarly, other building stones can only be obtained in sizes which are a reflection of their geological history. It follows, therefore, that any stone chosen for building must be obtainable in blocks large enough for the desired purpose. It should be free from fractures. It should be sufficiently tough and free of minerals which may break down chemically or by weathering. Hardness is not necessarily a requisite, although when a stone is to be used for paving or steps resistance to abrasion is a desirable quality.
Similar to tufa, but more compact, more dense, not friable. 'The geological names of those rocks which have been used on any scale for building, structurally or decoratively tThere is geological controversy about the origin of chert and allied rocks which are listed here as chemical precipitates Classification which are most commonly used for building or decoration are marble (contact metamorphism) and schist (regional metamorphism). Contact or thermal metamorphism is a matter of simple baking.