By D. R. Ladd (auth.), Yoshinori Sagisaka, Nick Campbell, Norio Higuchi (eds.)
This booklet provides a suite of papers from the Spring 1995 paintings store on Computational methods to Processing the Prosody of Spon taneous Speech, hosted via the ATR reading Telecommunications Re seek Laboratories in Kyoto, Japan. The workshop introduced jointly lead ing researchers within the fields of speech and sign processing, electric en gineering, psychology, and linguistics, to debate points of spontaneous speech prosody and to indicate methods to its computational research and modelling. The e-book is split into 4 sections. half I provides an outline and theoretical historical past to the character of spontaneous speech, differentiating it from the lab-speech that has been the point of interest of such a lot of past analyses. half II specializes in the prosodic good points of discourse and the constitution of the spoken message, half ilIon the iteration and modelling of prosody for machine speech synthesis. half IV discusses how prosodic info can be utilized within the context of computerized speech attractiveness. every one element of the ebook starts off with an invited review paper to situate the chapters within the context of present study. We believe that this choice of papers deals attention-grabbing insights into the scope and nature of the issues eager about the computational research and modelling of genuine spontaneous speech, and count on that those works won't basically shape the root of extra advancements in each one box but in addition merge to shape an built-in computational version of prosody for a greater realizing of human processing of the complicated interactions of the speech chain.
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Additional info for Computing Prosody: Computational Models for Processing Spontaneous Speech
Since, however, all the three require physiological mechanisms which have their own constraints, the actual outcome may not always be ideal from the point of view of message decoding. For example, a pause may happen to be inserted at an inappropriate position because the speaker needs to breathe. Furthermore, in addition to the discrete form of information which these three means can express (accented/unaccented, presence/absence of phrase boundary, presence/absence of pause), they can also express continuous forms of information.
Kiritani. Syntactic structures and prosody in Japanese. Annual Bulletin of the Research Institute of Logopedics and Phoniatrics, University of Tokyo, 15:91-108, 1981. [Ven94] J. J. Venditti. The influence of syntax on prosodic structure in Japanese. In Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 44, pp. 191223. The Ohio State University, 1994. [vWK87] C. van Wijk and G. Kempen. A dual system for producing selfrepairs in spontaneous speech: Evidence from experimentally elicited corrections. Cognitive Psychology, 19:403-440, 1987.
Inferring the commands from the speech characteristics, 2. inferring the units and structures of prosody from the commands. Since step 1 is the inverse operation of the process of speech sound production, it can be most accurately and objectively conducted if we have a quantitative model of the production process. If we succeed in recovering the commands from speech characteristics, step 2 will be greatly facilitated. 3 Role of Generative Models It may be necessary here to clarify what I mean by a model.