Biplane to monoplane : aircraft development, 1919-1939 by Philip Jarrett

By Philip Jarrett

This can be a learn of airplane, from biplanes to monoplanes among the years 1919-39. The e-book is a part of a 12-volume sequence, which covers the construction and operation of plane around the globe. every one quantity is dedicated to essays on airplane kinds, their improvement and choice, platforms and gear. in addition to outlining developments.

Each article seeks to give an explanation for why growth used to be in a specific path, emphasizing the political, strategic or fiscal elements that dictated that improvement. relocating from the final to the categorical, graphs and tabular info in terms of regular or major airplane or allied matters are supplied in every one part.
The sequence concentrates at the improvement of airplane from the point of view in their technical improvement, the impact of technical improvement at the use of plane, and the influence in their utilization on technical improvement.

Contributors to this identify comprise: Ken Munson, John Stround, Ted Hooton, Peter Hearn, Norman Friedman, Darrol Stinton, Patrick Hassell, Mike Hirst, Morman Barfield, Harry Woodman, Ralph Barker, Sebastian Ritchie and Christopher beaches.

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Additional resources for Biplane to monoplane : aircraft development, 1919-1939

Sample text

While it was a 10w-II'ing monoplane, its wings had external wire bracing and the fixed undercarriage was faired with 'trousers' LO reduce drag. Armed with two machine-guns, it wem into service in early 1934. Altllough it was popular with pilots, its maximum speed was only 234mph (3 77km/h). By the late 1920s bOUl japan and the Soviet Union were determined to become completely self-reliant in aircraft design, although L1le Soviets were to rely upon licence-built foreign engines into the 1940s. In japan, new requirements led to a Navy fighter, the long-range Mitsubishi A5M, and its Army counterpart, dle Nakajima Ki-27 (sec overleaf).

Of mixed wood and metal construction, the later DB-3M version had a very long range and a useful top speed of 445km/h (276mph). Operating on tile Chinese side, some were employed very successfully against the Japanese in 1938-39. As if to make amends for their earlier designs, in 1937 the French produced two prototypes of the most elegant, streamlined medium bombers; the Amiot 350 and Loirc-et-Olivier r I. While tIleir bomb loads would be very modest, they were fast at of 70-494km/h (292307mph).

The second specification was for a high-speed heavy bomber with two 2,000hp engines, its potential load to include two torpedoes. Prototypes were ordered from Avro and Handley Page, but tile laner design was soon modified to take four Rolls-Royce Merlin engines, as tile Halifax. Avro flew its [\vin-engined prototype in July 1939 as the Manchester. Its two RollsRoyce Vulture engines proved to be very unreliable and a modified design with four Merlin engines was put in hand as the Lancaster. In 1939, as if to show the world what US induso'y was really capable of, tile Consolidated company designed, built and flew a replacement for the 13-17 in one year.

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