Biodegradation of Azo Dyes by Azeem Khalid, Muhammad Arshad, David Crowley (auth.), Hatice

By Azeem Khalid, Muhammad Arshad, David Crowley (auth.), Hatice Atacag Erkurt (eds.)

Azo dyes play a huge function as coloring brokers within the fabric, foodstuff, and pharmaceutical undefined. a result of toxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of azo dyes and their breakdown items, their removing from commercial wastewaters has been an pressing problem. Promising and within your means equipment are in accordance with their biodegradation, that is handled during this quantity. the themes provided via specialists within the box contain: the type of azo dyes; toxicity because of azo dyes; cardio and anaerobic azo dye biodegradation mechanisms; the position of micro organism, fungi, algae and their enzymes in biodegradation; the impression of redox mediators on azo dye relief; the combination of organic with actual and chemical approaches; the biotransformation of fragrant amines; reactor modelling for azo dye conversion; the biodegradation of azo dyes by means of immobilized micro organism and fungi; and components affecting the entire mineralization of azo dyes.

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Togo CA, Mutambanengwe CCZ, Whiteley CG (2008) Decolourisation and degradation of textile dyes using a sulphate reducing bacteria (SRB)–biodigester microflora co-culture. African J Biotechnol 7:114–121 186. Yoo ES, Libra J, Adrian L (2001) Mechanism of decolorization of azo dyes in anaerobic mixed culture. J Env Engin 127:844–849 36 A. Khalid et al. 187. Oxspring DA, McMullan G, Smyth WF, Marchant R (1996) Decolorization and metabolism of the reactive textile dye Remazol-Black-B by an immobilized microbial consortium.

42 2 Anaerobic Degradation of Dyes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 3 Role of Azoreductase in Biodegradation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 4 Mechanism of Azo Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 5 Conclusion and Future Research Needs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 References .

Springael D, Top EM (2004) Horizontal gene transfer and microbial adaptation to xenobiotics: new types of mobile genetic elements and lessons from ecological studies. Trends Microbiol 12:53–58 220. Top EM, Springael D, Boon N (2002) Catabolic mobile genetic elements and their potential use in bioremediation of polluted soils and waters. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 42:199–208 221. van der Meer JR, Sentchilo V (2003) Genomic islands and the evolution of catabolic pathways in bacteria. Curr Opin Biotechnol 14:248–254 222.

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