By M. A. P. Meilink-Roelofsz
Now that this examine is finished and that i desire to make due acknowledg ment to all those that have in any measure contributed in the direction of its awareness, my suggestions flip within the first position to the single to whom this publication is devoted. it's a nice grief to me that he who took such an severe curiosity in my paintings has no longer lived to work out its end. It used to be he who at the start suggested me to enterprise upon this process examine and whose encouragement helped me in moments of de spondency. The excessive average which, along with his prepared and demanding judgment, he set for his personal paintings, was once an instance to me, and that i shall try to keep up it in my destiny stories. not just did he aid me to put the basis of my wisdom of archive technology, yet he was once additionally my consultant in a box new to me in lots of respects, that of Asian maritime alternate. His large wisdom of medieval eu alternate within the Baltic zone led me to check and distinction the 2 worlds of East and West and therefore helped me to procure a deeper perception into the variations and similarities among a number of the difficulties concerned. i'm significantly indebted to Prof. Dr. J. M. Romein, who has the growth of my reports with nice curiosity some of these years, and on whose aid and aid, occasionally in very tricky conditions, i've got constantly been capable of rely.
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Extra resources for Asian Trade and European Influence: In the Indonesian Archipelago between 1500 and about 1630
L02 Relations of very long standing also existed between China and Java, as the many archeological finds of Chinese earthenware 103 and coins indicate. Javanese Inissions visited the Imperial Court with the tribute which China claimed from the southern "barbarians",104 and Chinese merchants and colonists went to Indonesia from China in search of pepper and valuable kinds of wood. A punitive expedition which China undertook against east Java at the end of the 13th century had not affected commercial relations.
The requirements of the foreign merchants were met by looking after the port 20 and by building warehouses which, because of the danger of fire, were frequently underground cellars. 21 The streets were wide, but in this town with its predominantly wooden houses and thatched roofs - only the better-class houses had tiled roofs - the danger of fire was ever present. Fixed customs duties, fixed weights and measures, and coinage, all served the same purpose - the furtherance of the economic activity of the port.
7 According to Pires, some of the Celates became the nobles of the new state. s 28 RISE OF MALACCA Pires' account of the piracy engaged in by the Celates agrees with a report in Chinese sources about a mysterious watering place for passing ships, which was also a market, on one of the five islands southeast of the mouth of the Malacca river, a pirate stronghold which was just starting to conduct trade on a legitimate basis. At a later stage the trading activities must have been transferred from the islands to the mainland.