By Paul Lettinck
An account of what students have written at the topics taken care of in Aristotle's "Meteorology", this paintings investigates how they have been stimulated by way of each other and by way of earlier Greek commentators. for every topic a survey is given of the content material of the commentaries in addition to of later treatise.
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Extra info for Aristotle's Meteorology and Its Reception in the Arab World: With an Edition and Translation of Ibn Suwār's Treatise on Meteorological Phenomena and Ibn Bājja's Commentary on the Meteorology (Aristoteles Semitico-Latinus)
See Gilbert 587-588 and Steinmetz 1964 198-204. Olympiodorus, in Meteor. 1,18-2,33. ibid. 10,25-6. Concerning the exhalations and the structure of the atmosphere Alexander and Philoponus remark: Clouds are not formed in the upper atmosphere. An indication for this is that the tops of the highest mountains rise above the clouds. In that region there is neither rain, nor wind. For people have found ashes and remains of offerings in the same state after several years. No rain had washed them away, no wind had scattered them; even signs people had drawn remained unaltered.
This circular motion of the heaven, esp. 10 As for air, it appears that one may distinguish in it several layers: the lowest layer is that where the heat caused by the reflection of sunrays is still appreciable; no clouds can be formed there. Then comes a cooler area, where clouds may be formed, and which extends until the level of the mountain tops. One might get the impression from 340b29 ff. ("We must assume that the reason why clouds are not formed in the upper region is that it contains not just air, but rather a sort of fire") that the next layer consists of 'fire': where cloud formation stops, 'fire' begins.
The different use of α ν α θ υ μ ί α σ ί ζ (see previous note) could also be such an indication, see Steinmetz 1969 236 ff. 3 internal heat of the earth and by the sun's heat (360a6-10). The moist and dry exhalations are different in kind, but they do not exist separately: in each one of them there is always an admixture of the other. They are called moist and dry according to the dominating quality (359b28-34). Air is a mixture of both exhalations. Thus, air is moist and hot, as it is composed of vapour, which is moist and cold, and smoke, which is hot and dry (360a21-27).