Architectural Design - EDUCATION AND CULTURE by Arian Mostaedi

By Arian Mostaedi

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E. 67 per cent of the unit cell volume is taken up by the constituent atoms. 2 Face-centred cubic This is the structure found in some of the common engineering metals such as austenitic steel, aluminium, copper, gold, silver, nickel, etc. 2). 74. This means that 74 per cent of the unit cell volume is taken up by the constituent atoms. We can see from the APF figures that FCC metals are more close-packed than BCC metals. 3 Hexagonal close-packed This is the third common structure type, and the common metals conforming to this type include zinc, magnesium, cobalt and cadmium.

So automobile production uses a tiny fraction of the quantities used in construction, and the aerospace business uses less still. The two major constructors of large passenger aircraft, Boeing (US) and Airbus Industrie (Europe), each deliver between 300 and 500 planes per year, depending upon the economic climate. If the average weight of each plane is 250 tonnes, this gives a total material consumption of 250,000 tonnes in a good year. Globally, the annual consumption of materials in the aircraft business is therefore under 1,000,000 tonnes.

2. Why are steel and concrete two of the most important materials of construction? 3. List the principal materials of construction. Which of these materials are porous and which are impermeable? 4. Why is porosity such an important factor in determining the behaviour of construction materials? 5. What, in general, is the link between the cost of a material and how much of that material is used? 8 References and further reading ANON. (1987), Materials for Construction and Building in the UK, The Materials Forum and The Institution of Civil Engineers, The Institute of Metals, London.

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