An introduction to rice-grain technology by K. R. Bhattacharya, Syed Zakiuddin Ali

By K. R. Bhattacharya, Syed Zakiuddin Ali

This e-book provides the essence of the speculation and perform of drying, garage, milling, growing old, parboiling, products-making, and byproducts utilisation of rice in an easy, unencumbered sort that's available even to the lay individual. The publication might be of price to the managers and operators of the hundreds of thousands of rice generators strewn all around the Rice kingdom. it's going to even be welcome to scholars of nutrition know-how for his or her first publicity to the topic, and to the lay person.

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They are the most © 2015 by Woodhead Publishing India Pvt. Ltd. 28 An introduction to rice-grain technology important food source for human consumption and are the major supplier of energy and nutrients for the human population. 3 billion tonnes of cereals produced in 2010, roughly 1 billion tonnes were destined for food use, 750 million tonnes were employed as animal feed, and the remaining 500 million tonnes were processed for industrial use, used as seed or wasted. Unlike other cereals, rice is almost totally used for food purposes.

On the other hand, an amount of grain left exposed to the open atmosphere attains a moisture content (EMC) corresponding to the humidity of the surrounding air. This relationship is called the equilibrium relative humidity (ERH) (of the intergranular air) or the equilibrium moisture content (EMC) (of the grain). A general ERH–EMC curve is shown in Fig. 1. It will be noticed that the grain moisture increases rapidly at low relative humidity (RH) values, then relatively slowly at middle RH values, and rapidly again at high RH values.

Small quantities of paddy, 2–4%, and husked rice (brown rice), 3–4%, were also traded. A strong import demand was also noted for the lower quality rice and parboiled rice by western African countries of Senegal, Cote d’Ivoire, and Nigeria, as also from South East Asian countries of Indonesia and Philippines. © 2015 by Woodhead Publishing India Pvt. Ltd. Agronomy, production and trade of rice 37 The data thus show that aromatic rice varieties, lower quality rice and paddy have made large in-roads into the rice market and have established their shares.

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