An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology by James R. Holton

By James R. Holton

This revised textual content provides a cogent rationalization of the basics of meteorology, and explains hurricane dynamics for weather-oriented meteorologists. It discusses weather dynamics and the consequences posed for international switch. The Fourth variation incorporates a CD-ROM with MATLAB® workouts and up-to-date remedies of numerous key issues. a lot of the fabric relies on a two-term direction for seniors majoring in atmospheric sciences. * presents transparent actual reasons of key dynamical ideas * includes a wealth of illustrations to clarify textual content and equations, plus end-of-chapter difficulties * Holton is without doubt one of the prime professionals in modern meteorology, and popular for his transparent writing kind * Instructor's handbook on hand to adopters NEW during this version * A CD-ROM with MATLAB® routines and demonstrations * up to date remedies on weather dynamics, tropical meteorology, center surroundings dynamics, and numerical prediction

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16) for φ = 60◦ . 2. 1, compare the magnitudes of the lateral deflection for ballistic missiles fired eastward and westward at 43˚ latitude. Each missile is launched at a velocity of 1000 m s−1 and travels 1000 km. Explain your results. Can the curvature term be neglected in these cases? 3. This exercise examines the strange behavior of constant angular momentum trajectories near the equator. 5◦ , u = −20 m s−1 , v = 0, run time = 20 days. Obviously, eastward and westward motion near the equator leads to very different behavior.

5. If a baseball player throws a ball a horizontal distance of 100 m at 30◦ latitude in 4 s, by how much is it deflected laterally as a result of the rotation of the earth? 6. Two balls 4 cm in diameter are placed 100 m apart on a frictionless horizontal plane at 43◦ N. If the balls are impulsively propelled directly at each other with equal speeds, at what speed must they travel so that they just miss each other? 7. A locomotive of 2 × 105 kg mass travels 50 m s −1 along a straight horizontal track at 43◦ N.

4 Elsevier/AID aid 41 scale analysis of the equations of motion order of magnitude smaller than the Coriolis force and the pressure gradient force in agreement with our scale analysis. The fact that the horizontal flow is in approximate geostrophic balance is helpful for diagnostic analysis. However, it makes actual applications of these equations in weather prognosis difficult because acceleration (which must be measured accurately) is given by the small difference between two large terms. Thus, a small error in measurement of either velocity or pressure gradient will lead to very large errors in estimating the acceleration.

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