By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change
Weather switch is happening, is triggered mostly by means of human actions, and poses major dangers for--and in lots of instances is already affecting--a wide variety of human and traditional structures. The compelling case for those conclusions is equipped in Advancing the technological know-how of weather swap, a part of a congressionally asked suite of stories often called America's weather offerings. whereas noting that there's consistently extra to benefit and that the medical strategy is rarely closed, the publication exhibits that hypotheses approximately weather switch are supported via a number of traces of facts and feature stood company within the face of great debate and cautious review of other reasons. As determination makers reply to those hazards, the nation's clinical company can give a contribution via learn that improves knowing of the reasons and outcomes of weather switch and in addition turns out to be useful to selection makers on the neighborhood, neighborhood, nationwide, and overseas degrees. The publication identifies judgements being made in 12 sectors, starting from agriculture to transportation, to spot judgements being made based on weather switch. Advancing the technology of weather swap demands a unmarried federal entity or application to coordinate a countrywide, multidisciplinary study attempt aimed toward enhancing either realizing and responses to weather swap. Seven cross-cutting study topics are pointed out to help this clinical company. moreover, leaders of federal weather learn should still redouble efforts to install a entire weather staring at method, enhance weather versions and different analytical instruments, put money into human capital, and increase linkages among examine and judgements through forming partnerships with action-oriented courses.
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Additional info for Advancing the Science of Climate Change (National Research Council)
These approaches include estimated uncertainty ranges (or error bars) for measured quantities and the estimated likelihood of a particular result having arisen by chance rather than as a result of the theory or phenomenon being tested. These scientific characterizations of uncertainty can be misunderstood, however, because for many people “uncertainty” means that little or nothing is known, whereas in scientific parlance uncertainty is a way of describing how precisely or how confidently something is known.
Increasing temperatures and GHG concentrations are driving a multitude of related and interacting changes in the Earth system, including decreases in the amounts of ice stored in mountain glaciers and polar regions, increases in sea level, changes in ocean chemistry, and changes in the frequency and intensity of heat waves, precipitation events, and droughts. These changes in turn pose significant risks to both human and ecological systems. Although the details of how the future impacts of climate change will unfold are not as well understood as the basic causes and mechanisms of climate change, we can reasonably expect that the consequences of climate change will be more severe if actions are not taken to limit its magnitude and adapt to its impacts.
USGRP, 2009a), and other recent assessments of the state of scientific knowledge on climate change. Both our assessment and these previous assessments place high or very high confidence in the following findings: As discussed in Appendix D, high confidence indicates an estimated 8 out of 10 or better chance of a statement being correct, while very high confidence (or a statement than an ourcome is “very likely”) indicates a 9 out of 10 or better chance. 27 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.