ABC of conflict and disaster by Anthony D Redmond; et al

By Anthony D Redmond; et al

This ABC introduces medication in parts of clash or ordinary catastrophe responding to the becoming variety of areas affected.

Chapters take care of topics akin to earthquakes and landslides in addition to nuclear incidents and organic battle either nationally and internationally.

It covers either logistical making plans and clinical relief in addition to post-conflict restoration, providing mental in addition to scientific and public healthiness support.

It prepares relief employees for more than a few roles in all attainable occasions

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Destructive conflict must be confronted so that the tension is reduced to an acceptable level. With detailed background knowledge of the groups involved, the issues, and the causes of the conflict, an aid worker is in a good position to intervene and ensure that a win or lose situation can be avoided Management strategies for conflict resolution x Ensure that each side of the conflict is treated equally in all respects x Check that each side has made its case and understood the case of the opposition x Encourage negotiation, including compromise x Control the discussion, focusing on the case and eliminating threats x Impose intermissions or postponements when appropriate x Decide if the meeting should be abandoned x Defuse stressful situations x Encourage the development of empathy x Summarise key arguments, if necessary reducing some to the absurd x Encourage sharing x Use and encourage humour x Judge when the situation is appropriate for more formal resolution Example of conflict resolution: Uganda One conflict concerned whether government funding should be spent on the sinking of a new well or the enhancement of all the main spring sources.

External help is required to clean up and rebuild. Somatic symptoms are common. Short to medium term—Excessive dependency is common in the first 48 hours, after which there is a period of searching for meaning in what has happened. This may be followed by hostility: aid workers may become a focus of resentment, on whom feelings of frustration, betrayal, and anger can be projected. Group loyalties or contradictory roles can greatly affect individual and group behaviours. Survivors of massive Psychological reactions to disaster or catastrophe x About 25% of people remain effective, with emotional continence and appropriate behaviours x Some 50-75% are “normal” but bewildered, “numb,” withdrawn, and anxious x About 15% are ineffective from the outset, with inappropriate “contagious” behaviours 25 ABC of conflict and disaster disaster may develop a “concentration camp mentality,” in which they become selfish, compassionless, and focused on personal survival.

War and public health. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997 Competing interests: None declared. 9 Psychological aspects of providing medical humanitarian aid Ian Palmer All those involved in either a catastrophe or conflict will be changed by the experience. Such change, however small, is irreversible but generally positive. Only a minority of survivors or aid workers will develop a mental disorder such as post-traumatic stress disorder. Humanitarian deployments may be isolating, rife with personal threat (from climate, endemic diseases, violence), and expose individuals to human misery, as well as human resourcefulness in the face of tragedy.

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